Java: replaceAll doesn't work well with backslash?

thedp Source

I'm trying to replace the beginning of a string with backslashes to something else. For some weird reason the replaceAll function doesn't like backslashes.

String jarPath = "\\\\xyz\\abc\\wtf\\lame\\";
jarPath = jarPath.replaceAll("\\\\xyz\\abc", "z:");

What should I do to solve this issue.

Thank you.

javaregexreplaceall

Answers

answered 6 years ago Guillaume Polet #1

replaceAll() uses regexps which uses the backslash as an escape character. Moreover, Java String syntax also uses the backslash as an escape character. This means that you need to double all your backslashes to get what you want:

String jarPath = "\\\\xyz\\abc\\wtf\\lame\\";
jarPath = jarPath.replaceAll("\\\\\\\\xyz\\\\abc", "z:");

answered 6 years ago Adrian Pronk #2

You need to double each backslash (again) as the Pattern class that is used by replaceAll() treats it as a special character:

String jarPath = "\\\\xyz\\abc\\wtf\\lame\\";
jarPath = jarPath.replaceAll("\\\\\\\\xyz\\\\abc", "z:");

A Java string treats backslash as an escape character so what replaceAll sees is: \\\\xyz\\abc. But replaceAll also treats backslash as an escape character so the regular expression becomes the characters: \ \ x y z \ a b c

answered 6 years ago giorashc #3

jarPath = jarPath.replaceAll("\\\\\\\\xyz\\\\abc", "z:");

For each '\' in your string you should put '\\' in the replaceAll method.

answered 6 years ago Peter Lawrey #4

Its doesn't like it because \ is the escape character in C like languages (even as an escape on this forum) Which makes it a poor choice for a file seperator but its a change they introduced in MS-DOS...

The problem you have is that you have escape the \ twice so \\host\path becomes \\\\host\\path in the string but for the regex has to be escaped again :P \\\\\\\\host\\\\path

If you can use a forward slash this is much simpler

String jarPath = "//xyz/abc/wtf/lame/";
jarPath = jarPath.replaceAll("//xyz/abc", "z:");

answered 6 years ago yamen #5

replaceAll expects a regular expression as its input string, which is then matched and replaced in every instance. A backslash is a special escape character in regular expressions, and in order to match it you need another backslash to escape it. So, to match a string with "\", you need a regular expression with '"\"`.

To match the string "\\\\xyz\\abc" you need the regular expression "\\\\\\\\xyz\\\\abc" (note an extra \ for each source \):

String jarPath = "\\\\xyz\\abc\\wtf\\lame\\";
jarPath = jarPath.replaceAll("\\\\\\\\xyz\\\\abc", "z:");

answered 6 years ago kukudas #6

You can just use the replace method instead replaceAll in your use-case. If i'm not mistaken it's does not use regex.

answered 6 years ago Nishant #7

You can use replace() method also which will remove \\\\xyz\\abc from the String

String jarPath = "\\\\xyz\\abc\\wtf\\lame\\";
jarPath = jarPath.replace("\\\\xyz\\abc", "z:");

answered 6 years ago Sean Patrick Floyd #8

The replaceAll method uses regular expressions, which means that you have to escape slashes. In your case it might make sense to use String.replace instead:

String jarPath = "\\\\xyz\\abc\\wtf\\lame\\";
jarPath = jarPath.replace("\\\\xyz\\abc", "z:");

answered 6 months ago Luis David Moreno Deustua #9

Just got into a similar problem.

If you use backslash() in the second section of the replaceAll function, the backslashes will dissapear, to avoid that, you can use Matcher class.

String assetPath="\Media Database\otherfolder\anotherdeepfolder\finalfolder";

String assetRemovedPath=assetPath.replaceAll("\\\\Media Database(.*)", Matcher.quoteReplacement("\\Media Database\\_ExpiredAssets")+"$1");

system.out.println("ModifiedPath:"+assetRemovedPath);

Prints:

\Media Database\_ExpiredAssets\otherfolder\anotherdeepfolder\finalfolder

hope it helps!

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