Pycrypto: Incrementing CTR Mode

Alex Source

Still can't quite get this to work. My question is about how to make the decryption line work. Here is what I have written:

class IVCounter(object):
    @staticmethod
    def incrIV(self):
        temp = hex(int(self, 16)+1)[2:34]
        return array.array('B', temp.decode("hex")).tostring()


def decryptCTR(key, ciphertext):

    iv = ciphertext[:32] #extracts the first 32 characters of the ciphertext

    #convert the key into a 16 byte string
    key = array.array('B', key.decode("hex")).tostring()

    print AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CTR, counter=IVCounter.incrIV(iv)).decrypt(ciphertext)
    return

My error message is:

ValueError: 'counter' parameter must be a callable object

I just can't figure out how pycrypto wants me to organize that third argument to new.

Can anyone help? Thanks!

EDIT New code after implementing the suggestions below. Still stuck!

class IVCounter(object):
    def __init__(self, start=1L):
        print start #outputs the number 1 (not my IV as hoped)
        self.value = long(start)

   def __call__(self):
        print self.value  #outputs 1 - need this to be my iv in long int form
        print self.value + 1L  #outputs 2
        self.value += 1L
        return somehow_convert_this_to_a_bitstring(self.value) #to be written

def decryptCTR(key, ciphertext):

    iv = ciphertext[:32] #extracts the first 32 characters of the ciphertext
    iv = int(iv, 16)

    #convert the key into a 16 byte string
    key = array.array('B', key.decode("hex")).tostring()

    ctr = IVCounter()
    Crypto.Util.Counter.new(128, initial_value = iv)

    print AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CTR, counter=ctr).decrypt(ciphertext)
    return

EDIT STILL can't get this to work. very frustrated and completely out of ideas. Here is the latest code: (please note that my input strings are 32-bit hex strings that must be interpreted in two-digit pairs to convert to long integers.)

class IVCounter(object):
    def __init__(self, start=1L):
        self.value = long(start)

    def __call__(self):
        self.value += 1L
        return hex(self.value)[2:34]

def decryptCTR(key, ciphertext):
    iv = ciphertext[:32] #extracts the first 32 characters of the ciphertext
    iv = array.array('B', iv.decode("hex")).tostring()

    ciphertext = ciphertext[32:]

    #convert the key into a 16 byte string
    key = array.array('B', key.decode("hex")).tostring()

    #ctr = IVCounter(long(iv))
    ctr = Crypto.Util.Counter.new(16, iv)

    print AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CTR, counter=ctr).decrypt(ciphertext)
    return

TypeError: CTR counter function returned string not of length 16

pythonaesencryptionpycrypto

Answers

answered 6 years ago atomicinf #1

In Python, it is perfectly valid to treat functions as objects. It is also perfectly valid to treat any object that defines __call__(self, ...) as a function.

So what you want might something like this:

class IVCounter(object):
    def __init__(self, start=1L):
        self.value = long(start)
    def __call__(self):
        self.value += 1L
        return somehow_convert_this_to_a_bitstring(self.value)

ctr = IVCounter()
... make some keys and ciphertext ...
print AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CTR, counter=ctr).decrypt(ciphertext)

However, PyCrypto provides a counter method for you that should be much faster than pure Python:

import Crypto.Util.Counter
ctr = Crypto.Util.Counter.new(NUM_COUNTER_BITS)

ctr is now a stateful function (and, simultaneously, a callable object) that increments and returns its internal state every time you call it. You can then do

print AES.new(key, AES.MODE_CTR, counter=ctr).decrypt(ciphertext)

just as before.

Here's a working example using Crypto.Cipher.AES in CTR mode with a user-specified initialization vector:

import Crypto.Cipher.AES
import Crypto.Util.Counter

key = "0123456789ABCDEF" # replace this with a sensible value, preferably the output of a hash
iv = "0000000000009001" # replace this with a RANDOMLY GENERATED VALUE, and send this with the ciphertext!

plaintext = "Attack at dawn" # replace with your actual plaintext

ctr = Crypto.Util.Counter.new(128, initial_value=long(iv.encode("hex"), 16))

cipher = Crypto.Cipher.AES.new(key, Crypto.Cipher.AES.MODE_CTR, counter=ctr)
print cipher.encrypt(plaintext)

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