How do I detect a click outside an element?

Sergio del Amo Source

I have some HTML menus, which I show completely when a user clicks on the head of these menus. I would like to hide these elements when the user clicks outside the menus' area.

Is something like this possible with jQuery?

$("#menuscontainer").clickOutsideThisElement(function() {
    // Hide the menus
});
javascriptjquery

Answers

answered 10 years ago Chris MacDonald #1

Check the window click event target (it should propagate to the window, as long as it's not captured anywhere else), and ensure that it's not any of the menu elements. If it's not, then you're outside your menu.

Or check the position of the click, and see if it's contained within the menu area.

answered 10 years ago Eran Galperin #2

NOTE: Using stopEventPropagation() is something that should be avoided as it breaks normal event flow in the DOM. See this article for more information. Consider using this method instead.

Attach a click event to the document body which closes the window. Attach a separate click event to the container which stops propagation to the document body.

$(window).click(function() {
//Hide the menus if visible
});

$('#menucontainer').click(function(event){
    event.stopPropagation();
});

answered 10 years ago Joe Lencioni #3

I have an application that works similarly to Eran's example, except I attach the click event to the body when I open the menu... Kinda like this:

$('#menucontainer').click(function(event) {
  $('html').one('click',function() {
    // Hide the menus
  });

  event.stopPropagation();
});

More information on jQuery's one() function

answered 9 years ago Dennis #4

The other solutions here didn't work for me so I had to use:

if(!$(event.target).is('#foo'))
{
    // hide menu
}

answered 9 years ago Erik #5

If you are scripting for IE and FF 3.* and you just want to know if the click occured within a certain box area, you could also use something like:

this.outsideElementClick = function(objEvent, objElement){   
var objCurrentElement = objEvent.target || objEvent.srcElement;
var blnInsideX = false;
var blnInsideY = false;

if (objCurrentElement.getBoundingClientRect().left >= objElement.getBoundingClientRect().left && objCurrentElement.getBoundingClientRect().right <= objElement.getBoundingClientRect().right)
    blnInsideX = true;

if (objCurrentElement.getBoundingClientRect().top >= objElement.getBoundingClientRect().top && objCurrentElement.getBoundingClientRect().bottom <= objElement.getBoundingClientRect().bottom)
    blnInsideY = true;

if (blnInsideX && blnInsideY)
    return false;
else
    return true;}

answered 9 years ago user212621 #6

$("#menuscontainer").click(function() {
    $(this).focus();
});
$("#menuscontainer").blur(function(){
    $(this).hide();
});

Works for me just fine.

answered 8 years ago Wolfram #7

Now there is a plugin for that: outside events (blog post)

The following happens when a clickoutside handler (WLOG) is bound to an element:

  • the element is added to an array which holds all elements with clickoutside handlers
  • a (namespaced) click handler is bound to the document (if not already there)
  • on any click in the document, the clickoutside event is triggered for those elements in that array that are not equal to or a parent of the click-events target
  • additionally, the event.target for the clickoutside event is set to the element the user clicked on (so you even know what the user clicked, not just that he clicked outside)

So no events are stopped from propagation and additional click handlers may be used "above" the element with the outside-handler.

answered 8 years ago govind #8

This worked perfectly fine in time for me:

$('body').click(function() {
    // Hide the menus if visible.
});

answered 8 years ago Art #9

You can listen for a click event on document and then make sure #menucontainer is not an ancestor or the target of the clicked element by using .closest().

If it is not, then the clicked element is outside of the #menucontainer and you can safely hide it.

$(document).click(function(event) { 
    if(!$(event.target).closest('#menucontainer').length) {
        if($('#menucontainer').is(":visible")) {
            $('#menucontainer').hide();
        }
    }        
});

Edit – 2017-06-23

You can also clean up after the event listener if you plan to dismiss the menu and want to stop listening for events. This function will clean up only the newly created listener, preserving any other click listeners on document. With ES2015 syntax:

export function hideOnClickOutside(selector) {
  const outsideClickListener = (event) => {
    if (!$(event.target).closest(selector).length) {
      if ($(selector).is(':visible')) {
        $(selector).hide()
        removeClickListener()
      }
    }
  }

  const removeClickListener = () => {
    document.removeEventListener('click', outsideClickListener)
  }

  document.addEventListener('click', outsideClickListener)
}

Edit – 2018-03-11

For those who don't want to use jQuery. Here's the above code in plain vanillaJS (ECMAScript6).

function hideOnClickOutside(element) {
    const outsideClickListener = event => {
        if (!element.contains(event.target)) { // or use: event.target.closest(selector) === null
            if (isVisible(element)) {
                element.style.display = 'none'
                removeClickListener()
            }
        }
    }

    const removeClickListener = () => {
        document.removeEventListener('click', outsideClickListener)
    }

    document.addEventListener('click', outsideClickListener)
}

const isVisible = elem => !!elem && !!( elem.offsetWidth || elem.offsetHeight || elem.getClientRects().length ) // source (2018-03-11): https://github.com/jquery/jquery/blob/master/src/css/hiddenVisibleSelectors.js 

NOTE: This is based on Alex comment to just use !element.contains(event.target) instead of the jQuery part.

But element.closest() is now also available in all major browsers (the W3C version differs a bit from the jQuery one). Polyfills can be found here: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element/closest

answered 8 years ago Neco #10

Function:

$(function() {
    $.fn.click_inout = function(clickin_handler, clickout_handler) {
        var item = this;
        var is_me = false;
        item.click(function(event) {
            clickin_handler(event);
            is_me = true;
        });
        $(document).click(function(event) {
            if (is_me) {
                is_me = false;
            } else {
                clickout_handler(event);
            }
        });
        return this;
    }
});

Usage:

this.input = $('<input>')
    .click_inout(
        function(event) { me.ShowTree(event); },
        function() { me.Hide(); }
    )
    .appendTo(this.node);

And functions are very simple:

ShowTree: function(event) {
    this.data_span.show();
}
Hide: function() {
    this.data_span.hide();
}

answered 8 years ago Chu Yeow #11

I've had success with something like this:

var $menuscontainer = ...;

$('#trigger').click(function() {
  $menuscontainer.show();

  $('body').click(function(event) {
    var $target = $(event.target);

    if ($target.parents('#menuscontainer').length == 0) {
      $menuscontainer.hide();
    }
  });
});

The logic is: when #menuscontainer is shown, bind a click handler to the body that hides #menuscontainer only if the target (of the click) isn't a child of it.

answered 8 years ago webenformasyon #12

Use:

var go = false;
$(document).click(function(){
    if(go){
        $('#divID').hide();
        go = false;
    }
})

$("#divID").mouseover(function(){
    go = false;
});

$("#divID").mouseout(function (){
    go = true;
});

$("btnID").click( function(){
    if($("#divID:visible").length==1)
        $("#divID").hide(); // Toggle
    $("#divID").show();
});

answered 7 years ago 34m0 #13

I don't think what you really need is to close the menu when the user clicks outside; what you need is for the menu to close when the user clicks anywhere at all on the page. If you click on the menu, or off the menu it should close right?

Finding no satisfactory answers above prompted me to write this blog post the other day. For the more pedantic, there are a number of gotchas to take note of:

  1. If you attach a click event handler to the body element at click time be sure to wait for the 2nd click before closing the menu, and unbinding the event. Otherwise the click event that opened the menu will bubble up to the listener that has to close the menu.
  2. If you use event.stopPropogation() on a click event, no other elements in your page can have a click-anywhere-to-close feature.
  3. Attaching a click event handler to the body element indefinitely is not a performant solution
  4. Comparing the target of the event, and its parents to the handler's creator assumes that what you want is to close the menu when you click off it, when what you really want is to close it when you click anywhere on the page.
  5. Listening for events on the body element will make your code more brittle. Styling as innocent as this would break it: body { margin-left:auto; margin-right: auto; width:960px;}

answered 7 years ago nazar kuliyev #14

I found this method in some jQuery calendar plugin.

function ClickOutsideCheck(e)
{
  var el = e.target;
  var popup = $('.popup:visible')[0];
  if (popup==undefined)
    return true;

  while (true){
    if (el == popup ) {
      return true;
    } else if (el == document) {
      $(".popup").hide();
      return false;
    } else {
      el = $(el).parent()[0];
    }
  }
};

$(document).bind('mousedown.popup', ClickOutsideCheck);

answered 7 years ago Rowan #15

$(document).click(function() {
    $(".overlay-window").hide();
});
$(".overlay-window").click(function() {
    return false;
});

If you click on the document, hide a given element, unless you click on that same element.

answered 7 years ago Satya Prakash #16

I did it like this in YUI 3:

// Detect the click anywhere other than the overlay element to close it.
Y.one(document).on('click', function (e) {
    if (e.target.ancestor('#overlay') === null && e.target.get('id') != 'show' && overlay.get('visible') == true) {
        overlay.hide();
    }
});

I am checking if ancestor is not the widget element container,
if target is not which open the widget/element,
if widget/element I want to close is already open (not that important).

answered 7 years ago benb #17

As another poster said there are a lot of gotchas, especially if the element you are displaying (in this case a menu) has interactive elements. I've found the following method to be fairly robust:

$('#menuscontainer').click(function(event) {
    //your code that shows the menus fully

    //now set up an event listener so that clicking anywhere outside will close the menu
    $('html').click(function(event) {
        //check up the tree of the click target to check whether user has clicked outside of menu
        if ($(event.target).parents('#menuscontainer').length==0) {
            // your code to hide menu

            //this event listener has done its job so we can unbind it.
            $(this).unbind(event);
        }

    })
});

answered 7 years ago netdjw #18

Here is my code:

// Listen to every click
$('html').click(function(event) {
    if ( $('#mypopupmenu').is(':visible') ) {
        if (event.target.id != 'click_this_to_show_mypopupmenu') {
            $('#mypopupmenu').hide();
        }
    }
});

// Listen to selector's clicks
$('#click_this_to_show_mypopupmenu').click(function() {

  // If the menu is visible, and you clicked the selector again we need to hide
  if ( $('#mypopupmenu').is(':visible') {
      $('#mypopupmenu').hide();
      return true;
  }

  // Else we need to show the popup menu
  $('#mypopupmenu').show();
});

answered 6 years ago Spencer Fry #19

This is my solution to this problem:

$(document).ready(function() {
  $('#user-toggle').click(function(e) {
    $('#user-nav').toggle();
    e.stopPropagation();
  });

  $('body').click(function() {
    $('#user-nav').hide(); 
  });

  $('#user-nav').click(function(e){
    e.stopPropagation();
  });
});

answered 6 years ago Toogy #20

jQuery().ready(function(){
    $('#nav').click(function (event) {
        $(this).addClass('activ');
        event.stopPropagation();
    });

    $('html').click(function () {
        if( $('#nav').hasClass('activ') ){
            $('#nav').removeClass('activ');
        }
    });
});

answered 6 years ago Salman A #21

Hook a click event listener on the document. Inside the event listener, you can look at the event object, in particular, the event.target to see what element was clicked:

$(document).click(function(e){
    if ($(e.target).closest("#menuscontainer").length == 0) {
        // .closest can help you determine if the element 
        // or one of its ancestors is #menuscontainer
        console.log("hide");
    }
});

answered 6 years ago srinath #22

This worked for me perfectly!!

$('html').click(function (e) {
    if (e.target.id == 'YOUR-DIV-ID') {
        //do something
    } else {
        //do something
    }
});

answered 6 years ago Alexandre T. #23

To be honest, I didn't like any of previous the solutions.

The best way to do this, is binding the "click" event to the document, and comparing if that click is really outside the element (just like Art said in his suggestion).

However, you'll have some problems there: You'll never be able to unbind it, and you cannot have an external button to open/close that element.

That's why I wrote this small plugin (click here to link), to simplify these tasks. Could it be simpler?

<a id='theButton' href="#">Toggle the menu</a><br/>
<div id='theMenu'>
    I should be toggled when the above menu is clicked,
    and hidden when user clicks outside.
</div>

<script>
$('#theButton').click(function(){
    $('#theMenu').slideDown();
});
$("#theMenu").dClickOutside({ ignoreList: $("#theButton") }, function(clickedObj){
    $(this).slideUp();
});
</script>

answered 6 years ago mlangenberg #24

Just a warning that using this:

$('html').click(function() {
  // Hide the menus if visible
});

$('#menucontainer').click(function(event){
  event.stopPropagation();
});

It prevents the Ruby on Rails UJS driver from working properly. For example, link_to 'click', '/url', :method => :delete will not work.

This might be a workaround:

$('html').click(function() {
  // Hide the menus if visible
});

$('#menucontainer').click(function(event){
  if (!$(event.target).data('method')) {
    event.stopPropagation();
  }
});

answered 6 years ago Bilal Berjawi #25

This should work:

$('body').click(function (event) {
    var obj = $(event.target);
    obj = obj['context']; // context : clicked element inside body
    if ($(obj).attr('id') != "menuscontainer" && $('#menuscontainer').is(':visible') == true) {
        //hide menu
    }
});

answered 6 years ago Anoop Isaac #26

If you are creating elements dynamically and using 'live' function to capture the events, stopPropagation might not work. In that case you can try stopImmediatePropagation.

answered 6 years ago constrictus #27

 <div class="feedbackCont" onblur="hidefeedback();">
        <div class="feedbackb" onclick="showfeedback();" ></div>
        <div class="feedbackhide" tabindex="1"> </div>
 </div>

function hidefeedback(){
    $j(".feedbackhide").hide();
}

function showfeedback(){
    $j(".feedbackhide").show();
    $j(".feedbackCont").attr("tabindex",1).focus();
}

This is the simplest solution I came up with.

answered 5 years ago teynon #28

One more solution is here:

http://jsfiddle.net/zR76D/

Usage:

<div onClick="$('#menu').toggle();$('#menu').clickOutside(function() { $(this).hide(); $(this).clickOutside('disable'); });">Open / Close Menu</div>
<div id="menu" style="display: none; border: 1px solid #000000; background: #660000;">I am a menu, whoa is me.</div>

Plugin:

(function($) {
    var clickOutsideElements = [];
    var clickListener = false;

    $.fn.clickOutside = function(options, ignoreFirstClick) {
        var that = this;
        if (ignoreFirstClick == null) ignoreFirstClick = true;

        if (options != "disable") {
            for (var i in clickOutsideElements) {
                if (clickOutsideElements[i].element[0] == $(this)[0]) return this;
            }

            clickOutsideElements.push({ element : this, clickDetected : ignoreFirstClick, fnc : (typeof(options) != "function") ? function() {} : options });

            $(this).on("click.clickOutside", function(event) {
                for (var i in clickOutsideElements) {
                    if (clickOutsideElements[i].element[0] == $(this)[0]) {
                        clickOutsideElements[i].clickDetected = true;
                    }
                }
            });

            if (!clickListener) {
                if (options != null && typeof(options) == "function") {
                    $('html').click(function() {
                        for (var i in clickOutsideElements) {
                            if (!clickOutsideElements[i].clickDetected) {
                                clickOutsideElements[i].fnc.call(that);
                            }
                            if (clickOutsideElements[i] != null) clickOutsideElements[i].clickDetected = false;
                        }
                    });
                    clickListener = true;
                }
            }
        }
        else {
            $(this).off("click.clickoutside");
            for (var i = 0; i < clickOutsideElements.length; ++i) {
                if (clickOutsideElements[i].element[0] == $(this)[0]) {
                    clickOutsideElements.splice(i, 1);
                }
            }
        }

        return this;
    }
})(jQuery);

answered 5 years ago maday #29

The broadest way to do this is to select everything on the web page except the element where you don't want clicks detected and bind the click event those when the menu is opened.

Then when the menu is closed remove the binding.

Use .stopPropagation to prevent the event from affecting any part of the menuscontainer.

$("*").not($("#menuscontainer")).bind("click.OutsideMenus", function ()
{
    // hide the menus

    //then remove all of the handlers
    $("*").unbind(".OutsideMenus");
});

$("#menuscontainer").bind("click.OutsideMenus", function (event) 
{
    event.stopPropagation(); 
});

answered 5 years ago kboom #30

The solutions here work fine when only one element is to be managed. If there are multiple elements, however, the problem is much more complicated. Tricks with e.stopPropagation() and all the others will not work.

I came up with a solution, and maybe it is not so easy, but it's better than nothing. Have a look:

$view.on("click", function(e) {

    if(model.isActivated()) return;

        var watchUnclick = function() {
            rootView.one("mouseleave", function() {
                $(document).one("click", function() {
                    model.deactivate();
                });
                rootView.one("mouseenter", function() {
                    watchUnclick();
                });
            });
        };
        watchUnclick();
        model.activate();
    });

answered 5 years ago mems #31

Instead using flow interruption, blur/focus event or any other tricky technics, simply match event flow with element's kinship:

$(document).on("click.menu-outside", function(event){
    // Test if target and it's parent aren't #menuscontainer
    // That means the click event occur on other branch of document tree
    if(!$(event.target).parents().andSelf().is("#menuscontainer")){
        // Click outisde #menuscontainer
        // Hide the menus (but test if menus aren't already hidden)
    }
});

To remove click outside event listener, simply:

$(document).off("click.menu-outside");

answered 5 years ago Anders #32

The answer marked as the accepted answer does not take into account that you can have overlays over the element, like dialogs, popovers, datepickers, etc. Clicks in these should not hide the element.

I have made my own version that does take this into account. It's created as a KnockoutJS binding, but it can easily be converted to jQuery-only.

It works by the first query for all elements with either z-index or absolute position that are visible. It then hit tests those elements against the element I want to hide if click outside. If it's a hit I calculate a new bound rectangle which takes into account the overlay bounds.

ko.bindingHandlers.clickedIn = (function () {
    function getBounds(element) {
        var pos = element.offset();
        return {
            x: pos.left,
            x2: pos.left + element.outerWidth(),
            y: pos.top,
            y2: pos.top + element.outerHeight()
        };
    }

    function hitTest(o, l) {
        function getOffset(o) {
            for (var r = { l: o.offsetLeft, t: o.offsetTop, r: o.offsetWidth, b: o.offsetHeight };
                o = o.offsetParent; r.l += o.offsetLeft, r.t += o.offsetTop);
            return r.r += r.l, r.b += r.t, r;
        }

        for (var b, s, r = [], a = getOffset(o), j = isNaN(l.length), i = (j ? l = [l] : l).length; i;
            b = getOffset(l[--i]), (a.l == b.l || (a.l > b.l ? a.l <= b.r : b.l <= a.r))
                && (a.t == b.t || (a.t > b.t ? a.t <= b.b : b.t <= a.b)) && (r[r.length] = l[i]));
        return j ? !!r.length : r;
    }

    return {
        init: function (element, valueAccessor) {
            var target = valueAccessor();
            $(document).click(function (e) {
                if (element._clickedInElementShowing === false && target()) {
                    var $element = $(element);
                    var bounds = getBounds($element);

                    var possibleOverlays = $("[style*=z-index],[style*=absolute]").not(":hidden");
                    $.each(possibleOverlays, function () {
                        if (hitTest(element, this)) {
                            var b = getBounds($(this));
                            bounds.x = Math.min(bounds.x, b.x);
                            bounds.x2 = Math.max(bounds.x2, b.x2);
                            bounds.y = Math.min(bounds.y, b.y);
                            bounds.y2 = Math.max(bounds.y2, b.y2);
                        }
                    });

                    if (e.clientX < bounds.x || e.clientX > bounds.x2 ||
                        e.clientY < bounds.y || e.clientY > bounds.y2) {

                        target(false);
                    }
                }
                element._clickedInElementShowing = false;
            });

            $(element).click(function (e) {
                e.stopPropagation();
            });
        },
        update: function (element, valueAccessor) {
            var showing = ko.utils.unwrapObservable(valueAccessor());
            if (showing) {
                element._clickedInElementShowing = true;
            }
        }
    };
})();

answered 5 years ago Roei Bahumi #33

This is a more general solution that allows multiple elements to be watched, and dynamically adding and removing elements from the queue.

It holds a global queue (autoCloseQueue) - an object container for elements that should be closed on outside clicks.

Each queue object key should be the DOM Element id, and the value should be an object with 2 callback functions:

 {onPress: someCallbackFunction, onOutsidePress: anotherCallbackFunction}

Put this in your document ready callback:

window.autoCloseQueue = {}  

$(document).click(function(event) {
    for (id in autoCloseQueue){
        var element = autoCloseQueue[id];
        if ( ($(e.target).parents('#' + id).length) > 0) { // This is a click on the element (or its child element)
            console.log('This is a click on an element (or its child element) with  id: ' + id);
            if (typeof element.onPress == 'function') element.onPress(event, id);
        } else { //This is a click outside the element
            console.log('This is a click outside the element with id: ' + id);
            if (typeof element.onOutsidePress == 'function') element.onOutsidePress(event, id); //call the outside callback
            delete autoCloseQueue[id]; //remove the element from the queue
        }
    }
});

Then, when the DOM element with id 'menuscontainer' is created, just add this object to the queue:

window.autoCloseQueue['menuscontainer'] = {onOutsidePress: clickOutsideThisElement}

answered 5 years ago Webmaster G #34

I ended up doing something like this:

$(document).on('click', 'body, #msg_count_results .close',function() {
    $(document).find('#msg_count_results').remove();
});
$(document).on('click','#msg_count_results',function(e) {
    e.preventDefault();
    return false;
});

I have a close button within the new container for end users friendly UI purposes. I had to use return false in order to not go through. Of course, having an A HREF on there to take you somewhere would be nice, or you could call some ajax stuff instead. Either way, it works ok for me. Just what I wanted.

answered 5 years ago lan.ta #35

Try this code:

if ($(event.target).parents().index($('#searchFormEdit')) == -1 &&
    $(event.target).parents().index($('.DynarchCalendar-topCont')) == -1 &&
    (_x < os.left || _x > (os.left + 570) || _y < os.top || _y > (os.top + 155)) &&
    isShowEditForm) {

    setVisibleEditForm(false);
}

answered 5 years ago Yacine Zalouani #36

You can set a tabindex to the DOM element. This will trigger a blur event when the user click outside the DOM element.

Demo

<div tabindex="1">
    Focus me
</div>

document.querySelector("div").onblur = function(){
   console.log('clicked outside')
}
document.querySelector("div").onfocus = function(){
   console.log('clicked inside')
}

answered 4 years ago Awena #37

This will toggle the Nav menu when you click on/off the element.

$(document).on('click', function(e) {
    var elem = $(e.target).closest('#menu'),
    box = $(e.target).closest('#nav');
 if (elem.length) {
    e.preventDefault();
    $('#nav').toggle();
  } else if (!box.length) {
    $('#nav').hide();
 }
});



<li id="menu"><a></a></li>
<ul id="nav" >  //Nav will toggle when you Click on Menu(it can be an icon in this example)
        <li class="page"><a>Page1</a></li>
        <li class="page"><a>Pag2</a></li>
        <li class="page"><a>Page3</a></li>            
        <li class="page"><a>Page4</a></li>
</ul>

answered 4 years ago Peter Rader #38

Standard HTML:

Surround the menus by a <label> and fetch focus state changes.

http://jsfiddle.net/bK3gL/

Plus: you can unfold the menu by Tab.

answered 4 years ago KyleMit #39

As a wrapper to this great answer from Art, and to use the syntax originally requested by OP, here's a jQuery extension that can record wether a click occured outside of a set element.

$.fn.clickOutsideThisElement = function (callback) {
    return this.each(function () {
        var self = this;
        $(document).click(function (e) {
            if (!$(e.target).closest(self).length) {
                callback.call(self, e)
            }
        })
    });
};

Then you can call like this:

$("#menuscontainer").clickOutsideThisElement(function() {
    // handle menu toggle
});

Here's a demo in fiddle

answered 4 years ago Bohdan Lyzanets #40

As a variant:

var $menu = $('#menucontainer');
$(document).on('click', function (e) {

    // If element is opened and click target is outside it, hide it
    if ($menu.is(':visible') && !$menu.is(e.target) && !$menu.has(e.target).length) {
        $menu.hide();
    }
});

It has no problem with stopping event propagation and better supports multiple menus on the same page where clicking on a second menu while a first is open will leave the first open in the stopPropagation solution.

answered 4 years ago Manish Shrivastava #41

For touch devices like iPad and iPhone we can use this code:

$(document).on('touchstart', function (event) {
    var container = $("YOUR CONTAINER SELECTOR");

    if (!container.is(e.target) &&            // If the target of the click isn't the container...
        container.has(e.target).length === 0) // ... nor a descendant of the container
    {
        container.hide();
    }
});

answered 4 years ago shiv #42

Using not():

$("#id").not().click(function() {
    alert('Clicked other that #id');
});

answered 4 years ago Mahesh Gaikwad #43

$("body > div:not(#dvid)").click(function (e) {
    //your code
}); 

answered 4 years ago aroykos #44

$("html").click(function(){
    if($('#info').css("opacity")>0.9) {
        $('#info').fadeOut('fast');
    }
});

answered 4 years ago Iman Sedighi #45

Solution1

Instead of using event.stopPropagation() which can have some side affects, just define a simple flag variable and add one if condition. I tested this and worked properly without any side affects of stopPropagation:

var flag = "1";
$('#menucontainer').click(function(event){
    flag = "0"; // flag 0 means click happened in the area where we should not do any action
});

$('html').click(function() {
    if(flag != "0"){
        // Hide the menus if visible
    }
    else {
        flag = "1";
    }
});

Solution2

With just a simple if condition:

$(document).on('click', function(event){
    var container = $("#menucontainer");
    if (!container.is(event.target) &&            // If the target of the click isn't the container...
        container.has(event.target).length === 0) // ... nor a descendant of the container
    {
        // Do whatever you want to do when click is outside the element
    }
});

answered 3 years ago Tiny Giant #46

Here is the vanilla JavaScript solution for future viewers.

Upon clicking any element within the document, if the clicked element's id is toggled, or the hidden element is not hidden and the hidden element does not contain the clicked element, toggle the element.

(function () {
    "use strict";
    var hidden = document.getElementById('hidden');
    document.addEventListener('click', function (e) {
        if (e.target.id == 'toggle' || (hidden.style.display != 'none' && !hidden.contains(e.target))) hidden.style.display = hidden.style.display == 'none' ? 'block' : 'none';
    }, false);
})();

(function () {
    "use strict";
    var hidden = document.getElementById('hidden');
    document.addEventListener('click', function (e) {
        if (e.target.id == 'toggle' || (hidden.style.display != 'none' && !hidden.contains(e.target))) hidden.style.display = hidden.style.display == 'none' ? 'block' : 'none';
    }, false);
})();
<a href="javascript:void(0)" id="toggle">Toggle Hidden Div</a>
<div id="hidden" style="display: none;">This content is normally hidden. click anywhere other than this content to make me disappear</div>

If you are going to have multiple toggles on the same page you can use something like this:

  1. Add the class name hidden to the collapsible item.
  2. Upon document click, close all hidden elements which do not contain the clicked element and are not hidden
  3. If the clicked element is a toggle, toggle the specified element.

(function () {
    "use strict";
    var hiddenItems = document.getElementsByClassName('hidden'), hidden;
    document.addEventListener('click', function (e) {
        for (var i = 0; hidden = hiddenItems[i]; i++) {
            if (!hidden.contains(e.target) && hidden.style.display != 'none')
                hidden.style.display = 'none';
        }
        if (e.target.getAttribute('data-toggle')) {
            var toggle = document.querySelector(e.target.getAttribute('data-toggle'));
            toggle.style.display = toggle.style.display == 'none' ? 'block' : 'none';
        }
    }, false);
})();
<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="#hidden1">Toggle Hidden Div</a>
<div class="hidden" id="hidden1" style="display: none;" data-hidden="true">This content is normally hidden</div>
<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="#hidden2">Toggle Hidden Div</a>
<div class="hidden" id="hidden2" style="display: none;" data-hidden="true">This content is normally hidden</div>
<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="#hidden3">Toggle Hidden Div</a>
<div class="hidden" id="hidden3" style="display: none;" data-hidden="true">This content is normally hidden</div>

answered 3 years ago Scott Richardson #47

We implemented a solution, partly based off a comment from a user above, which works perfectly for us. We use it to hide a search box / results when clicking outside those elements, excluding the element that originally.

// HIDE SEARCH BOX IF CLICKING OUTSIDE
$(document).click(function(event){ 
    // IF NOT CLICKING THE SEARCH BOX OR ITS CONTENTS OR SEARCH ICON 
    if ($("#search-holder").is(":visible") && !$(event.target).is("#search-holder *, #search")) {
        $("#search-holder").fadeOut('fast');
        $("#search").removeClass('active');
    }
});

It checks if the search box is already visible first also, and in our case, it's also removing an active class on the hide/show search button.

answered 3 years ago bbe #48

Upvote for the most popular answer, but add

&& (e.target != $('html').get(0)) // ignore the scrollbar

so, a click on a scroll bar does not [hide or whatever] your target element.

answered 3 years ago martinedwards #49

This is a classic case of where a tweak to the HTML would be a better solution. Why not set the click on the elements which don't contain the menu item? Then you don't need to add the propagation.

$('.header, .footer, .main-content').click(function() {
//Hide the menus if visible
});

answered 3 years ago Daniel Tonon #50

Outside click plugin!

Usage:

$('.target-element').outsideClick(function(event){
    //code that fires when user clicks outside the element
    //event = the click event
    //$(this) = the '.target-element' that is firing this function 
}, '.excluded-element')

The code for it:

(function($) {

//when the user hits the escape key, it will trigger all outsideClick functions
$(document).on("keyup", function (e) {
    if (e.which == 27) $('body').click(); //escape key
});

//The actual plugin
$.fn.outsideClick = function(callback, exclusions) {
    var subject = this;

    //test if exclusions have been set
    var hasExclusions = typeof exclusions !== 'undefined';

    //switches click event with touch event if on a touch device
    var ClickOrTouchEvent = "ontouchend" in document ? "touchend" : "click";

    $('body').on(ClickOrTouchEvent, function(event) {
        //click target does not contain subject as a parent
        var clickedOutside = !$(event.target).closest(subject).length;

        //click target was on one of the excluded elements
        var clickedExclusion = $(event.target).closest(exclusions).length;

        var testSuccessful;

        if (hasExclusions) {
            testSuccessful = clickedOutside && !clickedExclusion;
        } else {
            testSuccessful = clickedOutside;
        }

        if(testSuccessful) {
            callback.call(subject, event);
        }
    });

    return this;
};

}(jQuery));

Adapted from this answer https://stackoverflow.com/a/3028037/1611058

answered 3 years ago Rameez Rami #51

After research I have found three working solutions (I forgot the page links for reference)

First solution

<script>
    //The good thing about this solution is it doesn't stop event propagation.

    var clickFlag = 0;
    $('body').on('click', function () {
        if(clickFlag == 0) {
            console.log('hide element here');
            /* Hide element here */
        }
        else {
            clickFlag=0;
        }
    });
    $('body').on('click','#testDiv', function (event) {
        clickFlag = 1;
        console.log('showed the element');
        /* Show the element */
    });
</script>

Second solution

<script>
    $('body').on('click', function(e) {
        if($(e.target).closest('#testDiv').length == 0) {
           /* Hide dropdown here */
        }
    });
</script>

Third solution

<script>
    var specifiedElement = document.getElementById('testDiv');
    document.addEventListener('click', function(event) {
        var isClickInside = specifiedElement.contains(event.target);
        if (isClickInside) {
          console.log('You clicked inside')
        }
        else {
          console.log('You clicked outside')
        }
    });
</script>

answered 3 years ago NiteshkumarSingh #52

    $('#menucontainer').click(function(e){
        e.stopPropagation();
     });

    $(document).on('click',  function(e){
        // code
    });

answered 3 years ago Jitendra Damor #53

A simple solution for the situation is:

$(document).mouseup(function (e)
{
    var container = $("YOUR SELECTOR"); // Give you class or ID

    if (!container.is(e.target) &&            // If the target of the click is not the desired div or section
        container.has(e.target).length === 0) // ... nor a descendant-child of the container
    {
        container.hide();
    }
});

The above script will hide the div if outside of the div click event is triggered.

You can see the following blog for more information : http://www.codecanal.com/detect-click-outside-div-using-javascript/

answered 3 years ago Autumnswind #54

$('html').click(function() {
//Hide the menus if visible
});

$('#menucontainer').click(function(event){
    event.stopPropagation();
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<html>
 <button id='#menucontainer'>Ok</button> 
</html>

answered 3 years ago Yishu Fang #55

Have a try of this:

$('html').click(function(e) {
  if($(e.target).parents('#menuscontainer').length == 0) {
    $('#menuscontainer').hide();
  }
});

https://jsfiddle.net/4cj4jxy0/

But note that this cannot work if the click event cannot reach the html tag. (Maybe other elements have stopPropagation()).

answered 2 years ago Qwertiy #56

Subscribe capturing phase of click to handle click on elements which call preventDefault.
Retrigger it on document element using the other name click-anywhere.

document.addEventListener('click', function (event) {
  event = $.event.fix(event);
  event.type = 'click-anywhere';
  $document.trigger(event);
}, true);

Then where you need click outside functionality subscribe on click-anywhere event on document and check if the click was outside of the element you are interested in:

$(document).on('click-anywhere', function (event) {
  if (!$(event.target).closest('#smth').length) {
    // Do anything you need here
  }
});

Some notes:

  • You have to use document as it would be a perfomance fault to trigger event on all elements outside of which the click occured.

  • This functionality can be wrapped into special plugin, which calls some callback on outside click.

  • You can't subscribe capturing phase using jQuery itself.

  • You don't need document load to subscribe as subscription is on document, even not on its body, so it exists always independently ащкь script placement and load status.

answered 2 years ago Matt Goodwin #57

For easier use, and more expressive code, I created a jQuery plugin for this:

$('div.my-element').clickOut(function(target) { 
    //do something here... 
});

Note: target is the element the user actually clicked. But callback is still executed in the context of the original element, so you can utilize this as you'd expect in a jQuery callback.

Plugin:

$.fn.clickOut = function (parent, fn) {
    var context = this;
    fn = (typeof parent === 'function') ? parent : fn;
    parent = (parent instanceof jQuery) ? parent : $(document);

    context.each(function () {
        var that = this;
        parent.on('click', function (e) {
            var clicked = $(e.target);
            if (!clicked.is(that) && !clicked.parents().is(that)) {
                if (typeof fn === 'function') {
                    fn.call(that, clicked);
                }
            }
        });

    });
    return context;
};

By default, the click event listener is placed on the document. However, if you want to limit the event listener scope, you can pass in a jQuery object representing a parent level element that will be the top parent at which clicks will be listened to. This prevents unnecessary document level event listeners. Obviously, it won't work unless the parent element supplied is a parent of your initial element.

Use like so:

$('div.my-element').clickOut($('div.my-parent'), function(target) { 
    //do something here...
});

answered 2 years ago FDisk #58

$(document).on('click.menu.hide', function(e){
  if ( !$(e.target).closest('#my_menu').length ) {
    $('#my_menu').find('ul').toggleClass('active', false);
  }
});

$(document).on('click.menu.show', '#my_menu li', function(e){
  $(this).find('ul').toggleClass('active');
});
div {
  float: left;
}

ul {
  padding: 0;
  position: relative;
}
ul li {
  padding: 5px 25px 5px 10px;
  border: 1px solid silver;
  cursor: pointer;
  list-style: none;
  margin-top: -1px;
  white-space: nowrap;
}
ul li ul:before {
  margin-right: -20px;
  position: absolute;
  top: -17px;
  right: 0;
  content: "\25BC";
}
ul li ul li {
  visibility: hidden;
  height: 0;
  padding-top: 0;
  padding-bottom: 0;
  border-width: 0 0 1px 0;
}
ul li ul li:last-child {
  border: none;
}
ul li ul.active:before {
  content: "\25B2";
}
ul li ul.active li {
  display: list-item;
  visibility: visible;
  height: inherit;
  padding: 5px 25px 5px 10px;
}
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-2.1.4.js"></script>
<div>
  <ul id="my_menu">
    <li>Menu 1
      <ul>
        <li>subMenu 1</li>
        <li>subMenu 2</li>
        <li>subMenu 3</li>
        <li>subMenu 4</li>
      </ul>
    </li>
    <li>Menu 2
      <ul>
        <li>subMenu 1</li>
        <li>subMenu 2</li>
        <li>subMenu 3</li>
        <li>subMenu 4</li>
      </ul>
    </li>
    <li>Menu 3</li>
    <li>Menu 4</li>
    <li>Menu 5</li>
    <li>Menu 6</li>
  </ul>
</div>

Here is jsbin version http://jsbin.com/xopacadeni/edit?html,css,js,output

answered 2 years ago zzzzBov #59

How to detect a click outside an element?

The reason that this question is so popular and has so many answers is that it is deceptively complex. After almost eight years and dozens of answers, I am genuinely surprised to see how little care has been given to accessibility.

I would like to hide these elements when the user clicks outside the menus' area.

This is a noble cause and is the actual issue. The title of the question—which is what most answers appear to attempt to address—contains an unfortunate red herring.

Hint: it's the word "click"!

You don't actually want to bind click handlers.

If you're binding click handlers to close the dialog, you've already failed. The reason you've failed is that not everyone triggers click events. Users not using a mouse will be able to escape your dialog (and your pop-up menu is arguably a type of dialog) by pressing Tab, and they then won't be able to read the content behind the dialog without subsequently triggering a click event.

So let's rephrase the question.

How does one close a dialog when a user is finished with it?

This is the goal. Unfortunately, now we need to bind the userisfinishedwiththedialog event, and that binding isn't so straightforward.

So how can we detect that a user has finished using a dialog?

focusout event

A good start is to determine if focus has left the dialog.

Hint: be careful with the blur event, blur doesn't propagate if the event was bound to the bubbling phase!

jQuery's focusout will do just fine. If you can't use jQuery, then you can use blur during the capturing phase:

element.addEventListener('blur', ..., true);
//                       use capture: ^^^^

Also, for many dialogs you'll need to allow the container to gain focus. Add tabindex="-1" to allow the dialog to receive focus dynamically without otherwise interrupting the tabbing flow.

$('a').on('click', function () {
  $(this.hash).toggleClass('active').focus();
});

$('div').on('focusout', function () {
  $(this).removeClass('active');
});
div {
  display: none;
}
.active {
  display: block;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<a href="#example">Example</a>
<div id="example" tabindex="-1">
  Lorem ipsum <a href="http://example.com">dolor</a> sit amet.
</div>


If you play with that demo for more than a minute you should quickly start seeing issues.

The first is that the link in the dialog isn't clickable. Attempting to click on it or tab to it will lead to the dialog closing before the interaction takes place. This is because focusing the inner element triggers a focusout event before triggering a focusin event again.

The fix is to queue the state change on the event loop. This can be done by using setImmediate(...), or setTimeout(..., 0) for browsers that don't support setImmediate. Once queued it can be cancelled by a subsequent focusin:

$('.submenu').on({
  focusout: function (e) {
    $(this).data('submenuTimer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this).removeClass('submenu--active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function (e) {
    clearTimeout($(this).data('submenuTimer'));
  }
});

$('a').on('click', function () {
  $(this.hash).toggleClass('active').focus();
});

$('div').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this).data('timer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this).removeClass('active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this).data('timer'));
  }
});
div {
  display: none;
}
.active {
  display: block;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<a href="#example">Example</a>
<div id="example" tabindex="-1">
  Lorem ipsum <a href="http://example.com">dolor</a> sit amet.
</div>

The second issue is that the dialog won't close when the link is pressed again. This is because the dialog loses focus, triggering the close behavior, after which the link click triggers the dialog to reopen.

Similar to the previous issue, the focus state needs to be managed. Given that the state change has already been queued, it's just a matter of handling focus events on the dialog triggers:

This should look familiar
$('a').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this.hash).data('timer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this.hash).removeClass('active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this.hash).data('timer'));  
  }
});

$('a').on('click', function () {
  $(this.hash).toggleClass('active').focus();
});

$('div').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this).data('timer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this).removeClass('active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this).data('timer'));
  }
});

$('a').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this.hash).data('timer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this.hash).removeClass('active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this.hash).data('timer'));  
  }
});
div {
  display: none;
}
.active {
  display: block;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<a href="#example">Example</a>
<div id="example" tabindex="-1">
  Lorem ipsum <a href="http://example.com">dolor</a> sit amet.
</div>


Esc key

If you thought you were done by handling the focus states, there's more you can do to simplify the user experience.

This is often a "nice to have" feature, but it's common that when you have a modal or popup of any sort that the Esc key will close it out.

keydown: function (e) {
  if (e.which === 27) {
    $(this).removeClass('active');
    e.preventDefault();
  }
}

$('a').on('click', function () {
  $(this.hash).toggleClass('active').focus();
});

$('div').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this).data('timer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this).removeClass('active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this).data('timer'));
  },
  keydown: function (e) {
    if (e.which === 27) {
      $(this).removeClass('active');
      e.preventDefault();
    }
  }
});

$('a').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this.hash).data('timer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this.hash).removeClass('active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this.hash).data('timer'));  
  }
});
div {
  display: none;
}
.active {
  display: block;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<a href="#example">Example</a>
<div id="example" tabindex="-1">
  Lorem ipsum <a href="http://example.com">dolor</a> sit amet.
</div>


If you know you have focusable elements within the dialog, you won't need to focus the dialog directly. If you're building a menu, you could focus the first menu item instead.

click: function (e) {
  $(this.hash)
    .toggleClass('submenu--active')
    .find('a:first')
    .focus();
  e.preventDefault();
}

$('.menu__link').on({
  click: function (e) {
    $(this.hash)
      .toggleClass('submenu--active')
      .find('a:first')
      .focus();
    e.preventDefault();
  },
  focusout: function () {
    $(this.hash).data('submenuTimer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this.hash).removeClass('submenu--active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this.hash).data('submenuTimer'));  
  }
});

$('.submenu').on({
  focusout: function () {
    $(this).data('submenuTimer', setTimeout(function () {
      $(this).removeClass('submenu--active');
    }.bind(this), 0));
  },
  focusin: function () {
    clearTimeout($(this).data('submenuTimer'));
  },
  keydown: function (e) {
    if (e.which === 27) {
      $(this).removeClass('submenu--active');
      e.preventDefault();
    }
  }
});
.menu {
  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}
.menu:after {
  clear: both;
  content: '';
  display: table;
}
.menu__item {
  float: left;
  position: relative;
}

.menu__link {
  background-color: lightblue;
  color: black;
  display: block;
  padding: 0.5em 1em;
  text-decoration: none;
}
.menu__link:hover,
.menu__link:focus {
  background-color: black;
  color: lightblue;
}

.submenu {
  border: 1px solid black;
  display: none;
  left: 0;
  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  position: absolute;
  top: 100%;
}
.submenu--active {
  display: block;
}

.submenu__item {
  width: 150px;
}

.submenu__link {
  background-color: lightblue;
  color: black;
  display: block;
  padding: 0.5em 1em;
  text-decoration: none;
}

.submenu__link:hover,
.submenu__link:focus {
  background-color: black;
  color: lightblue;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<ul class="menu">
  <li class="menu__item">
    <a class="menu__link" href="#menu-1">Menu 1</a>
    <ul class="submenu" id="menu-1" tabindex="-1">
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#1">Example 1</a></li>
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#2">Example 2</a></li>
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#3">Example 3</a></li>
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#4">Example 4</a></li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li class="menu__item">
    <a  class="menu__link" href="#menu-2">Menu 2</a>
    <ul class="submenu" id="menu-2" tabindex="-1">
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#1">Example 1</a></li>
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#2">Example 2</a></li>
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#3">Example 3</a></li>
      <li class="submenu__item"><a class="submenu__link" href="http://example.com/#4">Example 4</a></li>
    </ul>
  </li>
</ul>
lorem ipsum <a href="http://example.com/">dolor</a> sit amet.


WAI-ARIA Roles and Other Accessibility Support

This answer hopefully covers the basics of accessible keyboard and mouse support for this feature, but as it's already quite sizable I'm going to avoid any discussion of WAI-ARIA roles and attributes, however I highly recommend that implementers refer to the spec for details on what roles they should use and any other appropriate attributes.

answered 2 years ago Thamaraiselvam #60

To hide fileTreeClass if clicked outside of it

 jQuery(document).mouseup(function (e) {
            var container = $(".fileTreeClass");
            if (!container.is(e.target) // if the target of the click isn't the container...
                && container.has(e.target).length === 0) // ... nor a descendant of the container
            {
                container.hide();
            }
        });

answered 2 years ago froilanq #61

Simple plugin:

$.fn.clickOff = function(callback, selfDestroy) {
    var clicked = false;
    var parent = this;
    var destroy = selfDestroy || true;

    parent.click(function() {
        clicked = true;
    });

    $(document).click(function(event) {
        if (!clicked && parent.is(':visible')) {
            if(callback) callback.call(parent, event)
        }
        if (destroy) {
            //parent.clickOff = function() {};
            //parent.off("click");
            //$(document).off("click");
            parent.off("clickOff");
        }
        clicked = false;
    });
};

Use:

$("#myDiv").clickOff(function() {
   alert('clickOff');
});

answered 2 years ago Waheed #62

This might be a better fix for some people.

$(".menu_link").click(function(){
    // show menu code
});

$(".menu_link").mouseleave(function(){
    //hide menu code, you may add a timer for 3 seconds before code to be run
});

I know mouseleave does not only mean a click outside, it also means leaving that element's area.

Once the menu itself is inside the menu_link element then the menu itself should not be a problem to click on or move on.

answered 2 years ago Waltur Buerk #63

I believe the best way of doing it is something like this.

$(document).on("click", function(event) {
  clickedtarget = $(event.target).closest('#menuscontainer');
  $("#menuscontainer").not(clickedtarget).hide();
});

This type of solution could easily be made to work for multiple menus and also menus that are dynamically added through javascript. Basically it just allows you to click anywhere in your document, and checks which element you clicked in, and selects it's closest "#menuscontainer". Then it hides all menuscontainers but excludes the one you clicked in.

Not sure about exactly how your menus are built, but feel free to copy my code in the JSFiddle. It's a very simple but thoroughly functional menu/modal system. All you need to do is build the html-menus and the code will do the work for you.

https://jsfiddle.net/zs6anrn7/

answered 2 years ago Lucas #64

I know there are a million answers to this question, but I've always been a fan of using HTML and CSS to do most of the work. In this case, z-index and positioning. The simplest way that I have found to do this is as follows:

$("#show-trigger").click(function(){
  $("#element").animate({width: 'toggle'});
  $("#outside-element").show();
});
$("#outside-element").click(function(){
  $("#element").hide();
  $("#outside-element").hide();
});
#outside-element {
  position:fixed;
  width:100%;
  height:100%;
  z-index:1;
  display:none;
}
#element {
  display:none;
  padding:20px;
  background-color:#ccc;
  width:300px;
  z-index:2;
  position:relative;
}
#show-trigger {
  padding:20px;
  background-color:#ccc;
  margin:20px auto;
  z-index:2;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<div id="outside-element"></div>
<div id="element">
  <div class="menu-item"><a href="#1">Menu Item 1</a></div>
  <div class="menu-item"><a href="#2">Menu Item 1</a></div>
  <div class="menu-item"><a href="#3">Menu Item 1</a></div>
  <div class="menu-item"><a href="#4">Menu Item 1</a></div>
</div>
<div id="show-trigger">Show Menu</div>

This creates a safe environment, since nothing is going to get triggered unless the menu is actually open and the z-index protects any of the content within the element from creating any misfires upon being clicked.

Additionally, you're not requiring jQuery to cover all of your bases with propagation calls and having to purge all of the inner elements from misfires.

answered 2 years ago karthikeyan ganesan #65

$(document).on("click",function (event)   
 {   
     console.log(event);
   if ($(event.target).closest('.element').length == 0)
     {
    //your code here
      if ($(".element").hasClass("active"))
      {
        $(".element").removeClass("active");
      }
     }
 });

Try this coding for getting the solution.

answered 1 year ago Dan Philip #66

The event has a property called event.path of the element which is a "static ordered list of all its ancestors in tree order". To check if an event originated from a specific DOM element or one of its children, just check the path for that specific DOM element. It can also be used to check multiple elements by logically ORing the element check in the some function.

$("body").click(function() {
  target = document.getElementById("main");
  flag = event.path.some(function(el, i, arr) {
    return (el == target)
  })
  if (flag) {
    console.log("Inside")
  } else {
    console.log("Outside")
  }
});
#main {
  display: inline-block;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<div id="main">
  <ul>
    <li>Test-Main</li>
    <li>Test-Main</li>
    <li>Test-Main</li>
    <li>Test-Main</li>
    <li>Test-Main</li>
  </ul>
</div>
<div id="main2">
  Outside Main
</div>

So for your case It should be

$("body").click(function() {
  target = $("#menuscontainer")[0];
  flag = event.path.some(function(el, i, arr) {
    return (el == target)
  });
  if (!flag) {
    // Hide the menus
  }
});

answered 1 year ago Walt #67

If someone curious here is javascript solution(es6):

window.addEventListener('mouseup', e => {
        if (e.target != yourDiv && e.target.parentNode != yourDiv) {
            yourDiv.classList.remove('show-menu');
            //or yourDiv.style.display = 'none';
        }
    })

and es5, just in case:

window.addEventListener('mouseup', function (e) {
if (e.target != yourDiv && e.target.parentNode != yourDiv) {
    yourDiv.classList.remove('show-menu'); 
    //or yourDiv.style.display = 'none';
}

});

answered 1 year ago Fabian #68

Here is what I do to solve to problem.

$(window).click(function (event) {
    //To improve performance add a checklike 
    //if(myElement.isClosed) return;
    var isClickedElementChildOfMyBox = isChildOfElement(event,'#id-of-my-element');

    if (isClickedElementChildOfMyBox)
        return;

    //your code to hide the element 
});

var isChildOfElement = function (event, selector) {
    if (event.originalEvent.path) {
        return event.originalEvent.path[0].closest(selector) !== null;
    }

    return event.originalEvent.originalTarget.closest(selector) !== null;
}

answered 1 year ago hienbt88 #69

This works for me

$("body").mouseup(function(e) {
    var subject = $(".main-menu");
    if(e.target.id != subject.attr('id') && !subject.has(e.target).length) {
        $('.sub-menu').hide();
    }
});

answered 11 months ago Duannx #70

Here is a simple solution by pure javascript. It is up-to-date with ES6:

var isMenuClick = false;
var menu = document.getElementById('menuscontainer');
document.addEventListener('click',()=>{
    if(!isMenuClick){
       //Hide the menu here
    }
    //Reset isMenuClick 
    isMenuClick = false;
})
menu.addEventListener('click',()=>{
    isMenuClick = true;
})

answered 9 months ago Aominé #71

if you just want to display a window when you click on a button and undisp this window when you click outside.( or on the button again ) this bellow work good

document.body.onclick = function() { undisp_menu(); };
var menu_on = 0;

function menu_trigger(event){

    if (menu_on == 0)
    {
        // otherwise u will call the undisp on body when 
        // click on the button
        event.stopPropagation(); 

        disp_menu();
    }

    else{
        undisp_menu();
    }

}


function disp_menu(){

    menu_on = 1;
    var e = document.getElementsByClassName("menu")[0];
    e.className = "menu on";

}

function undisp_menu(){

    menu_on = 0;
    var e = document.getElementsByClassName("menu")[0];
    e.className = "menu";

}

don't forget this for the button

<div class="button" onclick="menu_trigger(event)">

<div class="menu">

and the css:

.menu{
    display: none;
}

.on {
    display: inline-block;
}

answered 9 months ago Muhammet Can TONBUL #72

If you are using tools like "Pop-up", you can use the "onFocusOut" event.

window.onload=function(){
document.getElementById("inside-div").focus();
}
function loseFocus(){
alert("Clicked outside");
}
#container{
background-color:lightblue;
width:200px;
height:200px;
}

#inside-div{
background-color:lightgray;
width:100px;
height:100px;

}
<div id="container">
<input type="text" id="inside-div" onfocusout="loseFocus()">
</div>

answered 8 months ago chea sotheara #73

$('#propertyType').on("click",function(e){
          self.propertyTypeDialog = !self.propertyTypeDialog;
          b = true;
          e.stopPropagation();
          console.log("input clicked");
      });

      $(document).on('click','body:not(#propertyType)',function (e) {
          e.stopPropagation();
          if(b == true)  {
              if ($(e.target).closest("#configuration").length == 0) {
                  b = false;
                  self.propertyTypeDialog = false;
                  console.log("outside clicked");
              }
          }
        // console.log($(e.target).closest("#configuration").length);
      });

answered 8 months ago Rinto George #74

I have used below script and done with jQuery.

jQuery(document).click(function(e) {
    var target = e.target; //target div recorded
    if (!jQuery(target).is('#tobehide') ) {
        jQuery(this).fadeOut(); //if the click element is not the above id will hide
    }
})

Below find the HTML code

<div class="main-container">
<div> Hello I am the title</div>
<div class="tobehide">I will hide when you click outside of me</div>
</div>

You can read the tutorial here

answered 7 months ago Jovanni G #75

I am surprised nobody actually acknowledged focusout event:

var button = document.getElementById('button');
button.addEventListener('click', function(e){
  e.target.style.backgroundColor = 'green';
});
button.addEventListener('focusout', function(e){
  e.target.style.backgroundColor = '';
});
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
</head>
<body>
  <button id="button">Click</button>
</body>
</html>

answered 7 months ago DaniG2k #76

I just want to make @Pistos answer more apparent since it's hidden in the comments.

This solution worked perfectly for me. Plain JS:

var elementToToggle = $('.some-element');
$(document).click( function(event) {
  if( $(event.target).closest(elementToToggle).length === 0 ) {
    elementToToggle.hide();
  }
});

in CoffeeScript:

elementToToggle = $('.some-element')
$(document).click (event) ->
  if $(event.target).closest(elementToToggle).length == 0
    elementToToggle.hide()

answered 2 months ago Amin Adel #77

I write a function to detect if an element is clicked or not :

function element_is_clicked (event, elementAccess) {
    /**
     * checks if clicked inside an element area or not
     * ***********************************************/
    if ($(elementAccess).is(':visible') == false) return false;

    var click_x = e.pageX;
    var click_y = e.pageY;
    var frame_left = $(elementAccess).offset().left; //console.log(frame_x);
    var frame_top = $(elementAccess).offset().top; //console.log(frame_x);
    var frame_width = $(elementAccess).width();
    var frame_height = $(elementAccess).height();

    if (click_x < frame_left) { return false; }
    if (click_y < frame_top) { return false; }
    if (click_x > frame_left + frame_width) { return false; }
    if (click_y > frame_top + frame_height) { return false; }

    return true;
};

usage is :

$(document).click(function(event){
    if (element_is_clicked (event, '#my-element')) console.log('yes');
    else console.log('not');
});

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