How to concatenate text from multiple rows into a single text string in SQL server?

JohnnyM Source

Consider a database table holding names, with three rows:

Peter
Paul
Mary

Is there an easy way to turn this into a single string of Peter, Paul, Mary?

sqlsql-servercsvstring-concatenationgroup-concat

Answers

answered 10 years ago Joel Coehoorn #1

Depends on your database vendor. MySQL has concat_ws. MS SQL Server expects you to do it in your client application.

Update: you could also do it in an external procedure or UDF, perhaps by using a cursor or calling out to CLR code.

answered 10 years ago Manu #2

One way you could do it in SQL Server would be to return the table content as XML (for XML raw), convert the result to a string and then replace the tags with ", ".

answered 10 years ago Darryl Hein #3

In MySQL there is a function, GROUP_CONCAT(), which allows you to concatenate the values from multiple rows. Example:

SELECT 1 AS a, GROUP_CONCAT(name ORDER BY name ASC SEPARATOR ', ') AS people 
FROM users 
WHERE id IN (1,2,3) 
GROUP BY a

answered 10 years ago Dana #4

I don't have access to a SQL Server at home, so I'm guess at the syntax here, but it's more or less:

DECLARE @names VARCHAR(500)

SELECT @names = @names + ' ' + Name
FROM Names

answered 10 years ago Chris Shaffer #5

This answer may return unexpected results when an ORDER BY clause is present. For consistent results, use one of the FOR XML PATH methods detailed in other answers.

Use COALESCE:

DECLARE @Names VARCHAR(8000) 
SELECT @Names = COALESCE(@Names + ', ', '') + Name 
FROM People

Just some explanation (since this answer seems to get relatively regular views):

  • Coalesce is really just a helpful cheat that accomplishes two things:

1) No need to initialize @Names with an empty string value.

2) No need to strip off an extra separator at the end.

  • The solution above will give incorrect results if a row has a NULL Name value (if there is a NULL, the NULL will make @Names NULL after that row, and the next row will start over as an empty string again. Easily fixed with one of two solutions:
DECLARE @Names VARCHAR(8000) 
SELECT @Names = COALESCE(@Names + ', ', '') + Name
FROM People
WHERE Name IS NOT NULL

or:

DECLARE @Names VARCHAR(8000) 
SELECT @Names = COALESCE(@Names + ', ', '') + 
    ISNULL(Name, 'N/A')
FROM People

Depending on what behavior you want (the first option just filters NULLs out, the second option keeps them in the list with a marker message [replace 'N/A' with whatever is appropriate for you]).

answered 10 years ago gbn #6

DECLARE @Names VARCHAR(8000)
SELECT @name = ''
SELECT @Names = @Names + ',' + Names FROM People
SELECT SUBSTRING(2, @Names, 7998)

This puts the stray comma at the beginning.

However, if you need other columns, or to CSV a child table you need to wrap this in a scalar user defined field (UDF).

You can use XML path as a correlated subquery in the SELECT clause too (but I'd have to wait until I go back to work because Google doesn't do work stuff at home :-)

answered 9 years ago Ritesh #7

If you are on SQL Server 2017 or Azure, see Mathieu Renda answer.

I had a similar issue when I was trying to join two tables with one-to-many relationships. In SQL 2005 I found that XML PATH method can handle the concatenation of the rows very easily.

If there is a table called STUDENTS

SubjectID       StudentName
----------      -------------
1               Mary
1               John
1               Sam
2               Alaina
2               Edward

Result I expected was:

SubjectID       StudentName
----------      -------------
1               Mary, John, Sam
2               Alaina, Edward

I used the following T-SQL:

Select Main.SubjectID,
       Left(Main.Students,Len(Main.Students)-1) As "Students"
From
    (
        Select distinct ST2.SubjectID, 
            (
                Select ST1.StudentName + ',' AS [text()]
                From dbo.Students ST1
                Where ST1.SubjectID = ST2.SubjectID
                ORDER BY ST1.SubjectID
                For XML PATH ('')
            ) [Students]
        From dbo.Students ST2
    ) [Main]

You can do the same thing in a more compact way if you can concat the commas at the beginning and use substring to skip the first one so you don't need to do a sub-query:

Select distinct ST2.SubjectID, 
    substring(
        (
            Select ','+ST1.StudentName  AS [text()]
            From dbo.Students ST1
            Where ST1.SubjectID = ST2.SubjectID
            ORDER BY ST1.SubjectID
            For XML PATH ('')
        ), 2, 1000) [Students]
From dbo.Students ST2

answered 8 years ago Steven Chong #8

In SQL Server 2005

SELECT Stuff(
  (SELECT N', ' + Name FROM Names FOR XML PATH(''),TYPE)
  .value('text()[1]','nvarchar(max)'),1,2,N'')

In SQL Server 2016

you can use the FOR JSON syntax

i.e.

SELECT per.ID,
Emails = JSON_VALUE(
   REPLACE(
     (SELECT _ = em.Email FROM Email em WHERE em.Person = per.ID FOR JSON PATH)
    ,'"},{"_":"',', '),'$[0]._'
) 
FROM Person per

And the result will become

Id  Emails
1   [email protected]
2   NULL
3   [email protected], [email protected]

This will work even your data contains invalid XML characters

the '"},{"":"' is safe because if you data contain '"},{"":"', it will be escaped to "},{\"_\":\"

You can replace ', ' with any string separator


And in SQL Server 2017, Azure SQL Database

You can use the new STRING_AGG function

answered 7 years ago jens frandsen #9

One method not yet shown via the XML data() command in MS SQL Server is:

Assume table called NameList with one column called FName,

SELECT FName + ', ' AS 'data()' 
FROM NameList 
FOR XML PATH('')

returns:

"Peter, Paul, Mary, "

Only the extra comma must be dealt with.

Edit: As adopted from @NReilingh's comment, you can use the following method to remove the trailing comma. Assuming the same table and column names:

STUFF(REPLACE((SELECT '#!' + LTRIM(RTRIM(FName)) AS 'data()' FROM NameList
FOR XML PATH('')),' #!',', '), 1, 2, '') as Brands

answered 7 years ago Diwakar #10

Using XML helped me in getting rows separated with commas. For the extra comma we can use the replace function of SQL Server. Instead of adding a comma, use of the AS 'data()' will concatenate the rows with spaces, which later can be replaced with commas as the syntax written below.

REPLACE(
        (select FName AS 'data()'  from NameList  for xml path(''))
         , ' ', ', ') 

answered 7 years ago Hans Bluh #11

How about this:

   ISNULL(SUBSTRING(REPLACE((select ',' FName as 'data()' from NameList for xml path('')), ' ,',', '), 2, 300), '') 'MyList'

Where the "300" could be any width taking into account the max number of items you think will show up.

answered 7 years ago user762952 #12

In Oracle, it is wm_concat. I believe this function is available in the 10g release and higher.

answered 7 years ago Vladimir Nesterovsky #13

I usually use select like this to concatenate strings in SQL Server:

with lines as 
( 
  select 
    row_number() over(order by id) id, -- id is a line id
    line -- line of text.
  from
    source -- line source
), 
result_lines as 
( 
  select 
    id, 
    cast(line as nvarchar(max)) line 
  from 
    lines 
  where 
    id = 1 
  union all 
  select 
    l.id, 
    cast(r.line + N', ' + l.line as nvarchar(max))
  from 
    lines l 
    inner join 
    result_lines r 
    on 
      l.id = r.id + 1 
) 
select top 1 
  line
from
  result_lines
order by
  id desc

answered 7 years ago Yogesh Bhadauirya #14

In SQL Server 2005 and later, use the query below to concatenate the rows.

DECLARE @t table
(
    Id int,
    Name varchar(10)
)
INSERT INTO @t
SELECT 1,'a' UNION ALL
SELECT 1,'b' UNION ALL
SELECT 2,'c' UNION ALL
SELECT 2,'d' 

SELECT ID,
stuff(
(
    SELECT ','+ [Name] FROM @t WHERE Id = t.Id FOR XML PATH('')
),1,1,'') 
FROM (SELECT DISTINCT ID FROM @t ) t

answered 7 years ago Pramod #15

If you want to deal with nulls you can do it by adding a where clause or add another COALESCE around the first one.

DECLARE @Names VARCHAR(8000) 
SELECT @Names = COALESCE(COALESCE(@Names + ', ', '') + Name, @Names) FROM People

answered 7 years ago Oleg Sakharov #16

I really liked elegancy of Dana's answer. Just wanted to make it complete.

DECLARE @names VARCHAR(MAX)
SET @names = ''

SELECT @names = @names + ', ' + Name FROM Names 

-- Deleting last two symbols (', ')
SET @sSql = LEFT(@sSql, LEN(@sSql) - 1)

answered 6 years ago Daniel Reis #17

A ready-to-use solution, with no extra commas:

select substring(
        (select ', '+Name AS 'data()' from Names for xml path(''))
       ,3, 255) as "MyList"

An empty list will result in NULL value. Usually you will insert the list into a table column or program variable: adjust the 255 max length to your need.

(Diwakar and Jens Frandsen provided good answers, but need improvement.)

answered 6 years ago Alex #18

Oracle 11g Release 2 supports the LISTAGG function. Documentation here.

COLUMN employees FORMAT A50

SELECT deptno, LISTAGG(ename, ',') WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY ename) AS employees
FROM   emp
GROUP BY deptno;

    DEPTNO EMPLOYEES
---------- --------------------------------------------------
        10 CLARK,KING,MILLER
        20 ADAMS,FORD,JONES,SCOTT,SMITH
        30 ALLEN,BLAKE,JAMES,MARTIN,TURNER,WARD

3 rows selected.

Warning

Be careful implementing this function if there is possibility of the resulting string going over 4000 characters. It will throw an exception. If that's the case then you need to either handle the exception or roll your own function that prevents the joined string from going over 4000 characters.

answered 6 years ago jmoreno #19

A recursive CTE solution was suggested, but no code provided. The code below is an example of a recursive CTE -- note that although the results match the question, the data doesn't quite match the given description, as I assume that you really want to be doing this on groups of rows, not all rows in the table. Changing it to match all rows in the table is left as an exercise for the reader.

;with basetable as 
(   SELECT id, CAST(name as varchar(max))name, 
        ROW_NUMBER() OVER(Partition By id     order by seq) rw, 
        COUNT(*) OVER (Partition By id) recs 
FROM (VALUES (1, 'Johnny', 1), (1,'M', 2), 
                  (2,'Bill', 1), (2, 'S.', 4), (2, 'Preston', 5), (2, 'Esq.', 6),
        (3, 'Ted', 1), (3,'Theodore', 2), (3,'Logan', 3),
                  (4, 'Peter', 1), (4,'Paul', 2), (4,'Mary', 3)

           )g(id, name, seq)
),
rCTE as (
    SELECT recs, id, name, rw from basetable where rw=1
    UNION ALL
    SELECT b.recs, r.ID, r.name +', '+ b.name name, r.rw+1
    FROM basetable b
         inner join rCTE r
    on b.id = r.id and b.rw = r.rw+1
)
SELECT name FROM rCTE
WHERE recs = rw and ID=4

answered 6 years ago hgmnz #20

Postgres arrays are awesome. Example:

Create some test data:

postgres=# \c test
You are now connected to database "test" as user "hgimenez".
test=# create table names (name text);
CREATE TABLE                                      
test=# insert into names (name) values ('Peter'), ('Paul'), ('Mary');                                                          
INSERT 0 3
test=# select * from names;
 name  
-------
 Peter
 Paul
 Mary
(3 rows)

Aggregate them in an array:

test=# select array_agg(name) from names;
 array_agg     
------------------- 
 {Peter,Paul,Mary}
(1 row)

Convert the array to a comma delimited string:

test=# select array_to_string(array_agg(name), ', ') from names;
 array_to_string
-------------------
 Peter, Paul, Mary
(1 row)

DONE

Since PostgreSQL 9.0 it is even easier.

answered 6 years ago Priti Getkewar Joshi #21

There are couple more ways in oracle,

    create table name
    (first_name varchar2(30));

    insert into name values ('Peter');
    insert into name values ('Paul');
    insert into name values ('Mary');

    Solution 1:
    select substr(max(sys_connect_by_path (first_name, ',')),2) from (select rownum r, first_name from name ) n start with r=1 connect by prior r+1=r
    o/p=> Peter,Paul,Mary

    Soution 2:
    select  rtrim(xmlagg (xmlelement (e, first_name || ',')).extract ('//text()'), ',') first_name from name
    o/p=> Peter,Paul,Mary

answered 6 years ago a_horse_with_no_name #22

Starting with PostgreSQL 9.0 this is quite simple:

select string_agg(name, ',') 
from names;

In versions before 9.0 array_agg() can be used as shown by hgmnz

answered 5 years ago ZeroK #23

For Oracle DBs, see this question: How can multiple rows be concatenated into one in Oracle without creating a stored procedure?

The best answer appears to be by @Emmanuel, using the built-in LISTAGG() function, available in Oracle 11g Release 2 and later.

SELECT question_id,
   LISTAGG(element_id, ',') WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY element_id)
FROM YOUR_TABLE;
GROUP BY question_id

as @user762952 pointed out, and according to Oracle's documentation http://www.oracle-base.com/articles/misc/string-aggregation-techniques.php, the WM_CONCAT() function is also an option. It seems stable, but Oracle explicitly recommends against using it for any application SQL, so use at your own risk.

Other than that, you will have to write your own function; the Oracle document above has a guide on how to do that.

answered 5 years ago endo64 #24

This can be useful too

create table #test (id int,name varchar(10))
--use separate inserts on older versions of SQL Server
insert into #test values (1,'Peter'), (1,'Paul'), (1,'Mary'), (2,'Alex'), (3,'Jack')

DECLARE @t VARCHAR(255)
SELECT @t = ISNULL(@t + ',' + name, name) FROM #test WHERE id = 1
select @t
drop table #test

returns

Peter,Paul,Mary

answered 5 years ago topchef #25

This method applies to Teradata Aster database only as it utilizes its NPATH function.

Again, we have table Students

SubjectID       StudentName
----------      -------------
1               Mary
1               John
1               Sam
2               Alaina
2               Edward

Then with NPATH it is just single SELECT:

SELECT * FROM npath(
  ON Students
  PARTITION BY SubjectID
  ORDER BY StudentName
  MODE(nonoverlapping)
  PATTERN('A*')
  SYMBOLS(
    'true' as A
  )
  RESULT(
    FIRST(SubjectID of A) as SubjectID,
    ACCUMULATE(StudentName of A) as StudentName
  )
);

Result:

SubjectID       StudentName
----------      -------------
1               [John, Mary, Sam]
2               [Alaina, Edward]

answered 5 years ago Max Tkachenko #26

With TABLE type it is extremely easy. Let's imagine that your table is called Students and it has column name.

declare @rowsCount INT
declare @i INT = 1
declare @names varchar(max) = ''

DECLARE @MyTable TABLE
(
  Id int identity,
  Name varchar(500)
)
insert into @MyTable select name from Students
set @rowsCount = (select COUNT(Id) from @MyTable)

while @i < @rowsCount
begin
 set @names = @names + ', ' + (select name from @MyTable where Id = @i)
 set @i = @i + 1
end
select @names

This example is tested in MS SQL Server 2008 R2

answered 3 years ago Rapunzo #27

To avoid null values you can use CONCAT()

DECLARE @names VARCHAR(500)
SELECT @names = CONCAT(@names, ' ', name) 
FROM Names
select @names

answered 3 years ago Hamid Bahmanabady #28

   declare @phone varchar(max)='' 
   select @[email protected] + mobileno +',' from  members
   select @phone

answered 3 years ago Nizam #29

This answer will require some privilege in server to work.

Assemblies are a good option for you. There are a lot of sites that explain how to create it. The one I think is very well explained is this one

If you want, I have already created the assembly, and it is possible to download the DLL here.

Once you have downloaded it, you will need to run the following script in your SQL Server:

CREATE Assembly concat_assembly 
   AUTHORIZATION dbo 
   FROM '<PATH TO Concat.dll IN SERVER>' 
   WITH PERMISSION_SET = SAFE; 
GO 

CREATE AGGREGATE dbo.concat ( 

    @Value NVARCHAR(MAX) 
  , @Delimiter NVARCHAR(4000) 

) RETURNS NVARCHAR(MAX) 
EXTERNAL Name concat_assembly.[Concat.Concat]; 
GO  

sp_configure 'clr enabled', 1;
RECONFIGURE

Observe that the path to assembly may be accessible to server. Since you have successfully done all the steps, you can use the function like:

SELECT dbo.Concat(field1, ',')
FROM Table1

Hope it helps!!!

answered 3 years ago user1767754 #30

MySQL complete Example:

We have Users which can have many Data's and we want to have an output, where we can see all users Datas in a list:

Result:

___________________________
| id   |  rowList         |
|-------------------------|
| 0    | 6, 9             |
| 1    | 1,2,3,4,5,7,8,1  |
|_________________________|

Table Setup:

CREATE TABLE `Data` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `user_id` int(11) NOT NULL
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=11 DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;


INSERT INTO `Data` (`id`, `user_id`) VALUES
(1, 1),
(2, 1),
(3, 1),
(4, 1),
(5, 1),
(6, 0),
(7, 1),
(8, 1),
(9, 0),
(10, 1);


CREATE TABLE `User` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;


INSERT INTO `User` (`id`) VALUES
(0),
(1);

Query:

SELECT User.id, GROUP_CONCAT(Data.id ORDER BY Data.id) AS rowList FROM User LEFT JOIN Data ON User.id = Data.user_id GROUP BY User.id

answered 2 years ago pedram #31

Use COALESCE - Learn more from here

For an example:

102

103

104

Then write below code in sql server,

Declare @Numbers AS Nvarchar(MAX) -- It must not be MAX if you have few numbers 
SELECT  @Numbers = COALESCE(@Numbers + ',', '') + Number
FROM   TableName where Number IS NOT NULL

SELECT @Numbers

Output would be:

102,103,104

answered 2 years ago Mike Barlow - BarDev #32

With the other answers, the person reading the answer must be aware of a specific domain table such as vehicle or student. The table must be created and populated with data to test a solution.

Below is an example that uses SQL Server "Information_Schema.Columns" table. By using this solution, no tables need to be created or data added. This example creates a comma separated list of column names for all tables in the database.

SELECT
    Table_Name
    ,STUFF((
        SELECT ',' + Column_Name
        FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.Columns Columns
        WHERE Tables.Table_Name = Columns.Table_Name
        ORDER BY Column_Name
        FOR XML PATH ('')), 1, 1, ''
    )Columns
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.Columns Tables
GROUP BY TABLE_NAME 

answered 2 years ago Muhammad Bilal #33

SELECT PageContent = Stuff(
    (   SELECT PageContent
        FROM dbo.InfoGuide
        WHERE CategoryId = @CategoryId
          AND SubCategoryId = @SubCategoryId
        for xml path(''), type
    ).value('.[1]','nvarchar(max)'),
    1, 1, '')
FROM dbo.InfoGuide info

answered 2 years ago Graeme #34

--SQL Server 2005+

CREATE TABLE dbo.Students
(
    StudentId INT
    , Name VARCHAR(50)
    , CONSTRAINT PK_Students PRIMARY KEY (StudentId)
);

CREATE TABLE dbo.Subjects
(
    SubjectId INT
    , Name VARCHAR(50)
    , CONSTRAINT PK_Subjects PRIMARY KEY (SubjectId)
);

CREATE TABLE dbo.Schedules
(
    StudentId INT
    , SubjectId INT
    , CONSTRAINT PK__Schedule PRIMARY KEY (StudentId, SubjectId)
    , CONSTRAINT FK_Schedule_Students FOREIGN KEY (StudentId) REFERENCES dbo.Students (StudentId)
    , CONSTRAINT FK_Schedule_Subjects FOREIGN KEY (SubjectId) REFERENCES dbo.Subjects (SubjectId)
);

INSERT dbo.Students (StudentId, Name) VALUES
    (1, 'Mary')
    , (2, 'John')
    , (3, 'Sam')
    , (4, 'Alaina')
    , (5, 'Edward')
;

INSERT dbo.Subjects (SubjectId, Name) VALUES
    (1, 'Physics')
    , (2, 'Geography')
    , (3, 'French')
    , (4, 'Gymnastics')
;

INSERT dbo.Schedules (StudentId, SubjectId) VALUES
    (1, 1)      --Mary, Physics
    , (2, 1)    --John, Physics
    , (3, 1)    --Sam, Physics
    , (4, 2)    --Alaina, Geography
    , (5, 2)    --Edward, Geography
;

SELECT 
    sub.SubjectId
    , sub.Name AS [SubjectName]
    , ISNULL( x.Students, '') AS Students
FROM
    dbo.Subjects sub
    OUTER APPLY
    (
        SELECT 
            CASE ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY stu.Name) WHEN 1 THEN '' ELSE ', ' END
            + stu.Name
        FROM
            dbo.Students stu
            INNER JOIN dbo.Schedules sch
                ON stu.StudentId = sch.StudentId
        WHERE
            sch.SubjectId = sub.SubjectId
        ORDER BY
            stu.Name
        FOR XML PATH('')
    ) x (Students)
;

answered 2 years ago Glen #35

Not that I have done any analysis on performance as my list had less than 10 items but I was amazed after looking thru the 30 odd answers I still had a twist on a similar answer already given similar to using COALESCE for a single group list and didn't even have to set my variable (defaults to NULL anyhow) and it assumes all entries in my source data table are non blank:

DECLARE @MyList VARCHAR(1000), @Delimiter CHAR(2) = ', '
SELECT @MyList = CASE WHEN @MyList > '' THEN @MyList + @Delimiter ELSE '' END + FieldToConcatenate FROM MyData

I am sure COALESCE internally uses the same idea. Lets hope MS don't change this on me.

answered 2 years ago Tigerjz32 #36

You need to create a variable that will hold your final result and select into it, like so.

Easiest Solution

DECLARE @char VARCHAR(MAX);

SELECT @char = COALESCE(@char + ', ' + [column], [column]) 
FROM [table];

PRINT @char;

answered 2 years ago Henrik Fransas #37

In SQL Server vNext this will be built in with the STRING_AGG function, read more about it here: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt790580.aspx

answered 1 year ago Mathieu Renda #38

SQL Server 2017 and SQL Azure: STRING_AGG

Starting with the next version of SQL Server, we can finally concatenate across rows without having to resort to any variable or XML witchery.

Without grouping

SELECT STRING_AGG(Name, ', ') AS Departments
FROM HumanResources.Department;

With grouping :

SELECT GroupName, STRING_AGG(Name, ', ') AS Departments
FROM HumanResources.Department
GROUP BY GroupName;

With grouping and sub-sorting

SELECT GroupName, STRING_AGG(Name, ', ') WITHIN GROUP (ORDER BY Name ASC) AS Departments
FROM HumanResources.Department 
GROUP BY GroupName;

answered 7 months ago Shahbaz #39

Although it's too late, and already has many solutions. Here is simple solution for MySQL:

SELECT t1.id,
        GROUP_CONCAT(t1.id) ids
 FROM table t1 JOIN table t2 ON (t1.id = t2.id)
 GROUP BY t1.id

answered 5 months ago Max Szczurek #40

SELECT STUFF((SELECT ', ' + name FROM [table] FOR XML PATH('')), 1, 2, '')

Here's a sample:

DECLARE @t TABLE (name VARCHAR(10))
INSERT INTO @t VALUES ('Peter'), ('Paul'), ('Mary')
SELECT STUFF((SELECT ', ' + name FROM @t FOR XML PATH('')), 1, 2, '')
--Peter, Paul, Mary

answered 4 months ago Pooja Bhat #41

Below is a simple PL/SQL procedure to implement the given scenario using "basic loop" and "rownum"

Table definition

CREATE TABLE "NAMES" ("NAME" VARCHAR2(10 BYTE))) ;

Let's insert values into this table

INSERT INTO NAMES VALUES('PETER');
INSERT INTO NAMES VALUES('PAUL');
INSERT INTO NAMES VALUES('MARY');

Procedure starts from here

DECLARE 

MAXNUM INTEGER;
CNTR INTEGER := 1;
C_NAME NAMES.NAME%TYPE;
NSTR VARCHAR2(50);

BEGIN

SELECT MAX(ROWNUM) INTO MAXNUM FROM NAMES;

LOOP

SELECT NAME INTO  C_NAME FROM 
(SELECT ROWNUM RW, NAME FROM NAMES ) P WHERE P.RW = CNTR;

NSTR := NSTR ||','||C_NAME;
CNTR := CNTR + 1;
EXIT WHEN CNTR > MAXNUM;

END LOOP;

dbms_output.put_line(SUBSTR(NSTR,2));

END;

Result

PETER,PAUL,MARY

answered 3 months ago Ravi Pipaliya #42

Here is the complete solution to achieve this:

-- Table Creation
CREATE TABLE Tbl
( CustomerCode    VARCHAR(50)
, CustomerName    VARCHAR(50)
, Type VARCHAR(50)
,Items    VARCHAR(50)
)

insert into Tbl
SELECT 'C0001','Thomas','BREAKFAST','Milk'
union SELECT 'C0001','Thomas','BREAKFAST','Bread'
union SELECT 'C0001','Thomas','BREAKFAST','Egg'
union SELECT 'C0001','Thomas','LUNCH','Rice'
union SELECT 'C0001','Thomas','LUNCH','Fish Curry'
union SELECT 'C0001','Thomas','LUNCH','Lessy'
union SELECT 'C0002','JOSEPH','BREAKFAST','Bread'
union SELECT 'C0002','JOSEPH','BREAKFAST','Jam'
union SELECT 'C0002','JOSEPH','BREAKFAST','Tea'
union SELECT 'C0002','JOSEPH','Supper','Tea'
union SELECT 'C0002','JOSEPH','Brunch','Roti'

-- function creation
GO
CREATE  FUNCTION [dbo].[fn_GetItemsByType]
(   
    @CustomerCode VARCHAR(50)
    ,@Type VARCHAR(50)
)
RETURNS @ItemType TABLE  ( Items VARCHAR(5000) )
AS
BEGIN

        INSERT INTO @ItemType(Items)
    SELECT  STUFF((SELECT distinct ',' + [Items]
         FROM Tbl 
         WHERE CustomerCode = @CustomerCode
            AND [email protected]
            FOR XML PATH(''))
        ,1,1,'') as  Items



    RETURN 
END

GO

-- fianl Query
DECLARE @cols AS NVARCHAR(MAX),
    @query  AS NVARCHAR(MAX)

select @cols = STUFF((SELECT distinct ',' + QUOTENAME(Type) 
                    from Tbl
            FOR XML PATH(''), TYPE
            ).value('.', 'NVARCHAR(MAX)') 
        ,1,1,'')

set @query = 'SELECT CustomerCode,CustomerName,' + @cols + '
             from 
             (
                select  
                    distinct CustomerCode
                    ,CustomerName
                    ,Type
                    ,F.Items
                    FROM Tbl T
                    CROSS APPLY [fn_GetItemsByType] (T.CustomerCode,T.Type) F
            ) x
            pivot 
            (
                max(Items)
                for Type in (' + @cols + ')
            ) p '

execute(@query) 

answered 3 months ago Aureate #43

@User1460901 You can try something like this:

WITH cte_base AS (
    SELECT CustomerCode, CustomerName,
    CASE WHEN Typez = 'Breakfast' THEN Items ELSE NULL END AS 'BREAKFAST'
    , CASE WHEN Typez = 'Lunch' THEN Items ELSE NULL END AS 'LUNCH'
    FROM #Customer
    )
    SELECT distinct CustomerCode, CustomerName,
    SUBSTRING(
    (   
        SELECT ','+BREAKFAST AS [text()]
        FROM cte_base b1
        WHERE b1.CustomerCode = b2.CustomerCode AND b1.CustomerName = b2.CustomerName
        ORDER BY b1.BREAKFAST
        FOR XML PATH('')
        ), 2, 1000
    ) [BREAKFAST], 
    SUBSTRING(
    (   
        SELECT ','+LUNCH AS [text()]
        FROM cte_base b1
        WHERE b1.CustomerCode = b2.CustomerCode AND b1.CustomerName = b2.CustomerName
        ORDER BY b1.LUNCH
        FOR XML PATH('')
        ), 2, 1000
    ) [LUNCH]
    FROM cte_base b2

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