Can I concatenate multiple MySQL rows into one field?

Dean Rather Source

Using MySQL, I can do something like:

SELECT hobbies FROM peoples_hobbies WHERE person_id = 5;

My Output:

shopping
fishing
coding

but instead I just want 1 row, 1 col:

Expected Output:

shopping, fishing, coding

The reason is that I'm selecting multiple values from multiple tables, and after all the joins I've got a lot more rows than I'd like.

I've looked for a function on MySQL Doc and it doesn't look like the CONCAT or CONCAT_WS functions accept result sets, so does anyone here know how to do this?

mysqlsqlconcatgroup-concat

Answers

answered 10 years ago che #1

You can use GROUP_CONCAT:

SELECT person_id, GROUP_CONCAT(hobbies SEPARATOR ', ')
FROM peoples_hobbies GROUP BY person_id

As Ludwig stated in his comment, you can add the DISTINCT operator to avoid duplicates:

SELECT person_id, GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT hobbies SEPARATOR ', ')
FROM peoples_hobbies GROUP BY person_id

As Jan stated in their comment, you can also sort the values before imploding it using ORDER BY:

SELECT person_id, GROUP_CONCAT(hobbies ORDER BY hobbies ASC SEPARATOR ', ')
FROM peoples_hobbies GROUP BY person_id

As Dag stated in his comment, there is a 1024 byte limit on the result. To solve this, run this query before your query:

SET group_concat_max_len = 2048

Of course, you can change 2048 according to your needs. To calculate and assign the value:

SET group_concat_max_len = CAST(
    (SELECT SUM(LENGTH(hobbies)) + COUNT(*) * LENGTH(', ')
    FROM peoples_hobbies GROUP BY person_id)
    AS UNSIGNED
)

answered 10 years ago Dean Rather #2

There's a GROUP Aggregate function, GROUP_CONCAT.

answered 10 years ago lpfavreau #3

Have a look at GROUP_CONCAT if your MySQL version (4.1) supports it. See the documentation for more details.

It would look something like:

  SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(hobbies SEPARATOR ', ') 
  FROM peoples_hobbies 
  WHERE person_id = 5 
  GROUP BY 'all';

answered 8 years ago pau.moreno #4

You can change the max length of the GROUP_CONCAT value by setting the group_concat_max_len parameter.

See details in the MySQL documantation.

answered 5 years ago Shen liang #5

Use MySQL(5.6.13) session variable and assignment operator like the following

SELECT @logmsg := CONCAT_ws(',',@logmsg,items) FROM temp_SplitFields a;

then you can get

test1,test11

answered 4 years ago Fedir RYKHTIK #6

In my case I had a row of Ids, and it was neccessary to cast it to char, otherwise, the result was encoded into binary format :

SELECT CAST(GROUP_CONCAT(field SEPARATOR ',') AS CHAR) FROM table

answered 4 years ago elbowlobstercowstand #7

Alternate syntax to concatenate multiple, individual rows

WARNING: This post will make you hungry.

Given:

I found myself wanting to select multiple, individual rows—instead of a group—and concatenate on a certain field.

Let's say you have a table of product ids and their names and prices:

+------------+--------------------+-------+
| product_id | name               | price |
+------------+--------------------+-------+
|         13 | Double Double      |     5 |
|         14 | Neapolitan Shake   |     2 |
|         15 | Animal Style Fries |     3 |
|         16 | Root Beer          |     2 |
|         17 | Lame T-Shirt       |    15 |
+------------+--------------------+-------+

Then you have some fancy-schmancy ajax that lists these puppies off as checkboxes.

Your hungry-hippo user selects 13, 15, 16. No dessert for her today...

Find:

A way to summarize your user's order in one line, with pure mysql.

Solution:

Use GROUP_CONCAT with the the IN clause:

mysql> SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(name SEPARATOR ' + ') AS order_summary FROM product WHERE product_id IN (13, 15, 16);

Which outputs:

+------------------------------------------------+
| order_summary                                  |
+------------------------------------------------+
| Double Double + Animal Style Fries + Root Beer |
+------------------------------------------------+

Bonus Solution:

If you want the total price too, toss in SUM():

mysql> SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(name SEPARATOR ' + ') AS order_summary, SUM(price) AS total FROM product WHERE product_id IN (13, 15, 16);
+------------------------------------------------+-------+
| order_summary                                  | total |
+------------------------------------------------+-------+
| Double Double + Animal Style Fries + Root Beer |    10 |
+------------------------------------------------+-------+

PS: Apologies if you don't have an In-N-Out nearby...

answered 4 years ago thejustv #8

Try this:

DECLARE @Hobbies NVARCHAR(200) = ' '

SELECT @Hobbies = @Hobbies + hobbies + ',' FROM peoples_hobbies WHERE person_id = 5;

answered 3 years ago alexbfree #9

I had a more complicated query, and found that I had to use GROUP_CONCAT in an outer query to get it to work:

Original Query:

SELECT DISTINCT userID 
FROM event GROUP BY userID 
HAVING count(distinct(cohort))=2);

Imploded:

SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(sub.userID SEPARATOR ', ') 
FROM (SELECT DISTINCT userID FROM event 
GROUP BY userID HAVING count(distinct(cohort))=2) as sub;

Hope this might help someone.

comments powered by Disqus