Set cellpadding and cellspacing in CSS?

kokos Source

In an HTML table, the cellpadding and cellspacing can be set like this:

<table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1">

How can the same be accomplished using CSS?

htmlcsshtml-tablealignment

Answers

answered 10 years ago mat #1

Also, if you want cellspacing="0", don't forget to add border-collapse: collapse in your table's stylesheet.

answered 10 years ago Will Prescott #2

Setting margins on table cells doesn't really have any effect as far as I know. The true CSS equivalent for cellspacing is border-spacing - but it doesn't work in Internet Explorer.

You can use border-collapse: collapse to reliably set cell spacing to 0 as mentioned, but for any other value I think the only cross-browser way is to keep using the cellspacing attribute.

answered 9 years ago Pup #3

table
{
    border-collapse: collapse; /* 'cellspacing' equivalent */
}

table td, table th
{
    padding: 0; /* 'cellpadding' equivalent */
}

answered 9 years ago corrector #4

TBH. For all the fannying around with CSS you might as well just use cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" since they are not deprecated...

Anyone else suggesting margins on <td>'s obviously has not tried this.

answered 8 years ago Eric Nguyen #5

Basics

For controlling "cellpadding" in CSS, you can simply use padding on table cells. E.g. for 10px of "cellpadding":

td { 
    padding: 10px;
}

For "cellspacing", you can apply the border-spacing CSS property to your table. E.g. for 10px of "cellspacing":

table { 
    border-spacing: 10px;
    border-collapse: separate;
}

This property will even allow separate horizontal and vertical spacing, something you couldn't do with old-school "cellspacing".

Issues in IE <= 7

This will work in almost all popular browsers except for Internet Explorer up through Internet Explorer 7, where you're almost out of luck. I say "almost" because these browsers still support the border-collapse property, which merges the borders of adjoining table cells. If you're trying to eliminate cellspacing (that is, cellspacing="0") then border-collapse:collapse should have the same effect: no space between table cells. This support is buggy, though, as it does not override an existing cellspacing HTML attribute on the table element.

In short: for non-Internet Explorer 5-7 browsers, border-spacing handles you. For Internet Explorer, if your situation is just right (you want 0 cellspacing and your table doesn't have it defined already), you can use border-collapse:collapse.

table { 
    border-spacing: 0;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

Note: For a great overview of CSS properties that one can apply to tables and for which browsers, see this fantastic Quirksmode page.

answered 7 years ago Malvineous #6

For those who want a non-zero cellspacing value, the following CSS worked for me, but I'm only able to test it in Firefox. See the Quirksmode link posted elsewhere for compatibility details. Seems it may not work with older Internet Explorer versions.

table {
    border-collapse: separate;
    border-spacing: 2px;
}

answered 7 years ago Vitalii Fedorenko #7

This hack works for Internet Explorer 6 and later, Google Chrome, Firefox, and Opera:

table {
    border-collapse: separate;
    border-spacing: 10px; /* cellspacing */
    *border-collapse: expression('separate', cellSpacing = '10px');
}

table td, table th {
    padding: 10px; /* cellpadding */
}

The * declaration is for Internet Explorer 6 and 7, and other browsers will properly ignore it.

expression('separate', cellSpacing = '10px') returns 'separate', but both statements are run, as in JavaScript you can pass more arguments than expected and all of them will be evaluated.

answered 7 years ago George Filippakos #8

The simple solution to this problem is:

table
{
    border: 1px solid #000000;
    border-collapse: collapse;
    border-spacing: 0px;
}
table td
{
    padding: 8px 8px;
}

answered 6 years ago user669677 #9

Default

The default behavior of the browser is equivalent to:

table {border-collapse: collapse;}
td    {padding: 0px;}

         enter image description here

Cellpadding

Sets the amount of space between the contents of the cell and the cell wall

table {border-collapse: collapse;}
td    {padding: 6px;}

        enter image description here

Cellspacing

Controls the space between table cells

table {border-spacing: 2px;}
td    {padding: 0px;}

        enter image description here

Both

table {border-spacing: 2px;}
td    {padding: 6px;}

        enter image description here

Both (special)

table {border-spacing: 8px 2px;}
td    {padding: 6px;}

        enter image description here

Note: If there is border-spacing set, it indicates border-collapse property of the table is separate.

Try it yourself!

Here you can find the old html way of achieving this.

answered 6 years ago Robert White #10

Wrap the contents of the cell with a div and you can do anything you want, but you have to wrap every cell in a column to get a uniform effect. For example, to just get wider left & right margins:

So the CSS will be,

div.cellwidener {
  margin: 0px 15px 0px 15px;
}
td.tight {
  padding: 0px;
}
<table border="0">
  <tr>
    <td class="tight">
      <div class="cellwidener">My content</div>
    </td>
  </tr>
</table>

Yes, it's a hassle. Yes, it works with IE. In fact, I've only tested this with IE, because that's all we're allowed to use at work.

answered 6 years ago RolanDecoy #11

From what I understand from the W3C classifications is that <table>s are meant for displaying data 'only'.

Based on that I found it a lot easier to create a <div> with the backgrounds and all that and have a table with data floating over it using position: absolute; and background: transparent;...

It works on Chrome, IE(6 and later) and Mozilla(2 and later).

Margins are used (or meant anyways) to create a spacer between container elements, like <table>, <div> and <form>, not <tr>, <td>, <span> or <input>. Using it for anything other than container elements will keep you busy adjusting your website for future browser updates.

answered 6 years ago HÃ¥kan Nilsson #12

I used !important after the border-collapse like

border-collapse: collapse !important;

and it works for me in IE7. It seems to override the cellspacing attribute.

answered 5 years ago Falguni Panchal #13

Try this:

table {
    border-collapse: separate;
    border-spacing: 10px;
}
table td, table th {
    padding: 10px;
}

Or try this:

table {
    border-collapse: collapse;
}
table td, table th {
    padding: 10px;
}

answered 5 years ago Dan #14

Just using border-collapse: collapse for your table, and padding for th or td

answered 5 years ago Abhishek Singh #15

table th,td {
    padding: 8px 2px;
}
table {
    border-collapse: separate;
    border-spacing: 2px;
}

answered 5 years ago suraj rawat #16

CSS:

selector{
    padding:0 0 10px 0; // Top left bottom right 
}

answered 5 years ago suraj rawat #17

Simply use CSS padding rules with table data:

td { 
    padding: 20px;
}

And for border spacing:

table { 
    border-spacing: 1px;
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

However, it can create problems in older version of browsers like Internet Explorer because of the diff implementation of the box model.

answered 4 years ago Elad Shechter #18

This style is for Full Reset for tables - cellpadding, cellspacing and borders.

I had this style in my reset.css file:

table{
    border:0;          /* Replace border */
    border-spacing: 0px; /* Replace cellspacing */
    border-collapse: collapse; /* Patch for Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7 */
}
table td{
    padding: 0px;/*replace cellpadding*/
}

answered 4 years ago Majid Sadr #19

td {
    padding: npx; //for cellpadding
    margin: npx; //for cellspacing
    border-collapse: collapse; //for showing borders in a better shape.
}

if margin didn't work, try to set display of tr to block and then margin will work.

answered 4 years ago vapcguy #20

How about adding the style directly to the table itself? This is instead of using table in your CSS, which is a BAD approach if you have multiple tables on your page:

<table style="border-collapse: separate;border-spacing: 2px;">
    <tr>
        <td style="padding: 4px 4px;">Some Text</td>
    </tr>
</table>

answered 2 years ago Pushp Singh #21

For table cellspacing and cellpadding are obsolete in HTML 5. Now for cellspacing you have to use border-spacing And for cellpadding you have to use border-collapse.

And make sure you don't use this in your HTML5 code. Always try to use these values in CSS-3 file.

answered 2 years ago Fahad Uddin #22

<table>
    <tr>
        <th>Col 1</th>
        <th>Col 2</th>
        <th>Col 3</th>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>1</td>
        <td>2</td>
        <td>3</td>
    </tr>
</table>

cell-padding can be given by padding in CSS while cell-spacing can be set by setting border-spacing for table.

table {
    border-spacing: 10px;
}
td {
    padding: 10px;
}

Fiddle.

answered 2 years ago user6781634 #23

table{border-spacing:4px; color: #000; background:#ccc; }
td{padding-left:4px;}

answered 2 years ago MD Ashik #24

In an HTML table, the cellpadding and cellspacing can be set like this:

For Cell-Padding: Just call simple td/th cell padding

EX:

/******Call-Padding**********/

table { 
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

td { 
  border: 1px solid red;
  padding: 10px;
}
<table>
		<tr>
			<th>Head1 </th>
			<th>Head2 </th>
			<th>Head3 </th>
			<th>Head4 </th>
		</tr>
		<tr>
			<td>11</td>
			<td>12</td>
			<td>13</td>
			<td>14</td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
			<td>21</td>
			<td>22</td>
			<td>23</td>
			<td>24</td>
		</tr>
		<tr> 
			<td>31</td>
			<td>32</td>
			<td>33</td>
			<td>34</td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
			<td>41</td>
			<td>42</td>
			<td>43</td>
			<td>44</td>
		</tr>
	</table>

table { 
    border-collapse: collapse;
}

td { 
  border: 1px solid red;
  padding: 10px;
}

For Cell-Spacing

Just call simple table border-spacing

EX:

/********* Cell-Spacing   ********/
table { 
    border-spacing: 10px;
    border-collapse: separate;
}

td { 
  border: 1px solid red;
}
<table>
		<tr>
			<th>Head1</th>
			<th>Head2</th>
			<th>Head3</th>
			<th>Head4</th>
		</tr>
		<tr>
			<td>11</td>
			<td>12</td>
			<td>13</td>
			<td>14</td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
			<td>21</td>
			<td>22</td>
			<td>23</td>
			<td>24</td>
		</tr>
		<tr> 
			<td>31</td>
			<td>32</td>
			<td>33</td>
			<td>34</td>
		</tr>
		<tr>
			<td>41</td>
			<td>42</td>
			<td>43</td>
			<td>44</td>
		</tr>
	</table>

/********* Cell-Spacing   ********/
table { 
    border-spacing: 10px;
    border-collapse: separate;
}

td { 
  border: 1px solid red;
}

More table style by CSS source link here you get more table style by css

answered 1 year ago Alireza #25

You can simply do something like this in your CSS, using border-spacing and padding:

table {
  border-collapse: collapse;
}

td, th {
  padding: 1em;
  border: 1px solid blue;
}
<table>
  <tr>
    <th>head_1</th>
    <th>head_2</th>
    <th>head_3</th>
    <th>head_4</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>txt_1</td>
    <td>txt_2</td>
    <td>txt_3</td>
    <td>txt_4</td>
  </tr>
</table>

answered 1 year ago Rafiqul Islam #26

You can easily set padding inside the table cells using the CSS padding property, it is valid way to produce the same effect as table's cellpadding attribute.

table,
th,
td {
  border: 1px solid #666;
}

table th,
table td {
  padding: 10px;
  /* Apply cell padding */
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>

  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>Set Cellpadding in CSS</title>

</head>

<body>

  <table>
    <thead>
      <tr>
        <th>Row</th>
        <th>First Name</th>
        <th>Last Name</th>
        <th>Email</th>
      </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <td>1</td>
        <td>Clark</td>
        <td>Kent</td>
        <td>[email protected]</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>2</td>
        <td>Peter</td>
        <td>Parker</td>
        <td>[email protected]</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>3</td>
        <td>John</td>
        <td>Rambo</td>
        <td>[email protected]</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>

</body>
</html>

Similarly, you can use the CSS border-spacing property to apply the spacing between adjacent table cell borders like the cellspacing attribute. However, in order to work border-spacing the value of border-collapse property muse be separate, which is default.

table {
  border-collapse: separate;
  border-spacing: 10px;
  /* Apply cell spacing */
}

table,
th,
td {
  border: 1px solid #666;
}

table th,
table td {
  padding: 5px;
  /* Apply cell padding */
}
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>

  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>Set Cellspacing in CSS</title>

</head>

<body>

  <table>
    <thead>
      <tr>
        <th>Row</th>
        <th>First Name</th>
        <th>Last Name</th>
        <th>Email</th>
      </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <td>1</td>
        <td>Clark</td>
        <td>Kent</td>
        <td>[email protected]</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>2</td>
        <td>Peter</td>
        <td>Parker</td>
        <td>[email protected]</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>3</td>
        <td>John</td>
        <td>Rambo</td>
        <td>[email protected]</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>

</body>
</html>

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