How to retrieve the dimensions of a view?

greenset Source

I have a view made up of tablelayout, tablerows and textviews. I want it to look like a grid. I need to get the height and width of this grid. The methods getheight() and getwidth() always return 0. This happens when I format the grid dynamically and also when I use an xml version.

How to retrieve the dimensions for a view?


Here is my test program I used in Debug to check the results:

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TableLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class appwig extends Activity {  
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.maindemo);  //<- includes the grid called "board"
      int vh = 0;   
      int vw = 0;

      //Test-1 used the xml layout (which is displayed on the screen):
      TableLayout tl = (TableLayout) findViewById(R.id.board);  
      tl = (TableLayout) findViewById(R.id.board);
      vh = tl.getHeight();     //<- getHeight returned 0, Why?  
      vw = tl.getWidth();     //<- getWidth returned 0, Why?   

      //Test-2 used a simple dynamically generated view:        
      TextView tv = new TextView(this);
      tv.setHeight(20);
      tv.setWidth(20);
      vh = tv.getHeight();    //<- getHeight returned 0, Why?       
      vw = tv.getWidth();    //<- getWidth returned 0, Why?

    } //eof method
} //eof class
androidlayoutandroid-widgetlifecyclemeasure

Answers

answered 8 years ago Alex Orlov #1

Are you trying to get sizes in a constructor, or any other method that is run BEFORE you get the actual picture?

You won't be getting any dimensions before all components are actually measured (since your xml doesn't know about your display size, parents positions and whatever)

Try getting values after onSizeChanged() (though it can be called with zero), or just simply waiting when you'll get an actual image.

answered 8 years ago Vladimir Ivanov #2

Use getMeasuredWidth() and getMeasuredHeight() for your view.

Developer guide: View

answered 8 years ago Alex Orlov #3

You are trying to get width and height of an elements, that weren't drawn yet.

If you use debug and stop at some point, you'll see, that your device screen is still empty, that's because your elements weren't drawn yet, so you can't get width and height of something, that doesn't yet exist.

And, I might be wrong, but setWidth() is not always respected, Layout lays out it's children and decides how to measure them (calling child.measure()), so If you set setWidth(), you are not guaranteed to get this width after element will be drawn.

What you need, is to use getMeasuredWidth() (the most recent measure of your View) somewhere after the view was actually drawn.

Look into Activity lifecycle for finding the best moment.

http://developer.android.com/reference/android/app/Activity.html#ActivityLifecycle

I believe a good practice is to use OnGlobalLayoutListener like this:

yourView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {
            if (!mMeasured) {
                // Here your view is already layed out and measured for the first time
                mMeasured = true; // Some optional flag to mark, that we already got the sizes
            }
        }
    });

You can place this code directly in onCreate(), and it will be invoked when views will be laid out.

answered 8 years ago Andrey Novikov #4

You should rather look at View lifecycle: http://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/View.html Generally you should not know width and height for sure until your activity comes to onResume state.

answered 8 years ago kcoppock #5

I believe the OP is long gone, but in case this answer is able to help future searchers, I thought I'd post a solution that I have found. I have added this code into my onCreate() method:

EDITED: 07/05/11 to include code from comments:

final TextView tv = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.image_test);
ViewTreeObserver vto = tv.getViewTreeObserver();
vto.addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new OnGlobalLayoutListener() {

    @Override
    public void onGlobalLayout() {
        LayerDrawable ld = (LayerDrawable)tv.getBackground();
        ld.setLayerInset(1, 0, tv.getHeight() / 2, 0, 0);
        ViewTreeObserver obs = tv.getViewTreeObserver();

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN) {
            obs.removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(this);
        } else {
            obs.removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(this);
        }
    }

});

First I get a final reference to my TextView (to access in the onGlobalLayout() method). Next, I get the ViewTreeObserver from my TextView, and add an OnGlobalLayoutListener, overriding onGLobalLayout (there does not seem to be a superclass method to invoke here...) and adding my code which requires knowing the measurements of the view into this listener. All works as expected for me, so I hope that this is able to help.

answered 8 years ago Syed Rakib Al Hasan #6

I guess this is what you need to look at: use onSizeChanged() of your view. Here is an EXTENDED code snippet on how to use onSizeChanged() to get your layout's or view's height and width dynamically http://syedrakibalhasan.blogspot.com/2011/02/how-to-get-width-and-height-dimensions.html

answered 7 years ago JustDanyul #7

I'll just add an alternative solution, override your activity's onWindowFocusChanged method and you will be able to get the values of getHeight(), getWidth() from there.

@Override
public void onWindowFocusChanged (boolean hasFocus) {
        // the height will be set at this point
        int height = myEverySoTallView.getMeasuredHeight(); 
}

answered 7 years ago Boris Rusev #8

Use the View's post method like this

post(new Runnable() {   
    @Override
    public void run() {
        Log.d(TAG, "width " + MyView.this.getMeasuredWidth());
        }
    });

answered 6 years ago Y2i #9

I tried to use onGlobalLayout() to do some custom formatting of a TextView, but as @George Bailey noticed, onGlobalLayout() is indeed called twice: once on the initial layout path, and second time after modifying the text.

View.onSizeChanged() works better for me because if I modify the text there, the method is called only once (during the layout pass). This required sub-classing of TextView, but on API Level 11+ View. addOnLayoutChangeListener() can be used to avoid sub-classing.

One more thing, in order to get correct width of the view in View.onSizeChanged(), the layout_width should be set to match_parent, not wrap_content.

answered 6 years ago Genom #10

ViewTreeObserver and onWindowFocusChanged() are not so necessary at all.

If you inflate the TextView as layout and/or put some content in it and set LayoutParams then you can use getMeasuredHeight() and getMeasuredWidth().

BUT you have to be careful with LinearLayouts (maybe also other ViewGroups). The issue there is, that you can get the width and height after onWindowFocusChanged() but if you try to add some views in it, then you can't get that information until everything have been drawn. I was trying to add multiple TextViews to LinearLayouts to mimic a FlowLayout (wrapping style) and so couldn't use Listeners. Once the process is started, it should continue synchronously. So in such case, you might want to keep the width in a variable to use it later, as during adding views to layout, you might need it.

answered 5 years ago pimkle #11

CORRECTION: I found out that the above solution is terrible. Especially when your phone is slow. And here, I found another solution: calculate out the px value of the element, including the margins and paddings: dp to px: https://stackoverflow.com/a/6327095/1982712

or dimens.xml to px: https://stackoverflow.com/a/16276351/1982712

sp to px: https://stackoverflow.com/a/9219417/1982712 (reverse the solution)

or dimens to px: https://stackoverflow.com/a/16276351/1982712

and that's it.

answered 5 years ago Zeophlite #12

As F.X. mentioned, you can use an OnLayoutChangeListener to the view that you want to track itself

view.addOnLayoutChangeListener(new View.OnLayoutChangeListener() {
    @Override
    public void onLayoutChange(View v, int left, int top, int right, int bottom, int oldLeft, int oldTop, int oldRight, int oldBottom) {
        // Make changes
    }
});

You can remove the listener in the callback if you only want the initial layout.

answered 5 years ago Monk4D #13

Simple Response: This worked for me with no Problem. It seems the key is to ensure that the View has focus before you getHeight etc. Do this by using the hasFocus() method, then using getHeight() method in that order. Just 3 lines of code required.

ImageButton myImageButton1 =(ImageButton)findViewById(R.id.imageButton1); myImageButton1.hasFocus();

int myButtonHeight = myImageButton1.getHeight();

Log.d("Button Height: ", ""+myButtonHeight );//Not required

Hope it helps.

answered 12 months ago Lucas Ferreira Batista #14

You can use a broadcast that is called in OnResume ()

For example:

int vh = 0;   
int vw = 0;

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.maindemo);  //<- includes the grid called "board"

      registerReceiver(new BroadcastReceiver() {
            @Override
            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                TableLayout tl = (TableLayout) findViewById(R.id.board);  
                tl = (TableLayout) findViewById(R.id.board);
                vh = tl.getHeight();       
                vw = tl.getWidth();               
            }
      }, new IntentFilter("Test"));
}

protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();

        Intent it = new Intent("Test");
        sendBroadcast(it);

}

You can not get the height of a view in OnCreate (), onStart (), or even in onResume () for the reason that kcoppock responded

answered 2 months ago Kayvan N #15

Even though the proposed solution works, it might not be the best solution for every case because based on the documentation for ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener

Interface definition for a callback to be invoked when the global layout state or the visibility of views within the view tree changes.

which means it gets called many times and not always the view is measured (it has its height and width determined)

An alternative is to use ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener which gets called only when the view is ready to be drawn and has all of its measurements.

final TextView tv = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.image_test);
ViewTreeObserver vto = tv.getViewTreeObserver();
vto.addOnPreDrawListener(new OnPreDrawListener() {

    @Override
    public void onPreDraw() {
        tv.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnPreDrawListener(this);
        // Your view will have valid height and width at this point
        tv.getHeight();
        tv.getWidth();
    }

});

comments powered by Disqus