Angular + Material - How To Refresh A Data Source (mat-table)

Kay Source

I am using a mat-table to list the content of the users chosen languages. They can also add new languages using dialog panel. After they added a language and returned back. I want my datasource to refresh to show the changes they made.

I initialize the datastore by getting user data from a service and passing that into a datasource in the refresh method.

Language.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { LanguageModel, LANGUAGE_DATA } from '../../../../models/language.model';
import { LanguageAddComponent } from './language-add/language-add.component';
import { AuthService } from '../../../../services/auth.service';
import { LanguageDataSource } from './language-data-source';
import { LevelbarComponent } from '../../../../directives/levelbar/levelbar.component';
import { DataSource } from '@angular/cdk/collections';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/of';
import { MatSnackBar, MatDialog } from '@angular/material';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-language',
  templateUrl: './language.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./language.component.scss']
})
export class LanguageComponent implements OnInit {

  displayedColumns = ['name', 'native', 'code', 'level'];
  teachDS: any;
  user: any;

  constructor(private authService: AuthService, private dialog: MatDialog) { }

  ngOnInit() {
    this.refresh();
  }

  add() {
    this.dialog.open(LanguageAddComponent, {
      data: { user: this.user },
    }).afterClosed().subscribe(result => {
      this.refresh();
    });
  }

  refresh() {
    this.authService.getAuthenticatedUser().subscribe((res) => {
      this.user = res;
      this.teachDS = new LanguageDataSource(this.user.profile.languages.teach);   
    });
  }
}

language-data-source.ts

import {MatPaginator, MatSort} from '@angular/material';
import {DataSource} from '@angular/cdk/collections';
import {Observable} from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/merge';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';

export class LanguageDataSource extends DataSource<any> {

  constructor(private languages) {
    super();
  }

  connect(): Observable<any> {
    return Observable.of(this.languages);
  }

  disconnect() {
    // No-op
  }

}

So I have tried to call a refresh method where I get the user from the backend again and then I reinitialize the data source. However this does not work, no changes are occurring.

angularangular-materialrefresh

Answers

answered 11 months ago HDJEMAI #1

Trigger a change detection by using ChangeDetectorRef in the refresh() method just after receiving the new data, inject ChangeDetectorRef in the constructor and use detectChanges like this:

import { Component, OnInit, ChangeDetectorRef } from '@angular/core';
import { LanguageModel, LANGUAGE_DATA } from '../../../../models/language.model';
import { LanguageAddComponent } from './language-add/language-add.component';
import { AuthService } from '../../../../services/auth.service';
import { LanguageDataSource } from './language-data-source';
import { LevelbarComponent } from '../../../../directives/levelbar/levelbar.component';
import { DataSource } from '@angular/cdk/collections';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/of';
import { MatSnackBar, MatDialog } from '@angular/material';


@Component({
  selector: 'app-language',
  templateUrl: './language.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./language.component.scss']
})
export class LanguageComponent implements OnInit {

  displayedColumns = ['name', 'native', 'code', 'level'];
  teachDS: any;

  user: any;

  constructor(private authService: AuthService, private dialog: MatDialog, private changeDetectorRefs: ChangeDetectorRef) { }

  ngOnInit() {
    this.refresh();
  }

  add() {
    this.dialog.open(LanguageAddComponent, {
      data: { user: this.user },
    }).afterClosed().subscribe(result => {
      this.refresh();
    });
  }

  refresh() {
    this.authService.getAuthenticatedUser().subscribe((res) => {
      this.user = res;
      this.teachDS = new LanguageDataSource(this.user.profile.languages.teach);
      this.changeDetectorRefs.detectChanges();
    });
  }
}

answered 10 months ago takeshin #2

Since you are using MatPaginator, you just need to do any change to paginator, this triggers data reload.

Simple trick:

this.paginator._changePageSize(this.paginator.pageSize); 

This updates the page size to the current page size, so basically nothing changes, except the private _emitPageEvent() function is called too, triggeing table reload.

answered 9 months ago jogi #3

Best way to do this is by adding an additional observable to your Datasource implementation.

In the connect method you should already be using Observable.merge to subscribe to an array of observables that include the paginator.page, sort.sortChange, etc. You can add a new subject to this and call next on it when you need to cause a refresh.

something like this:

export class LanguageDataSource extends DataSource<any> {

    recordChange$ = new Subject();

    constructor(private languages) {
      super();
    }

    connect(): Observable<any> {

      const changes = [
        this.recordChange$
      ];

      return Observable.merge(...changes)
        .switchMap(() => return Observable.of(this.languages));
    }

    disconnect() {
      // No-op
    }
}

And then you can call recordChange$.next() to initiate a refresh.

Naturally I would wrap the call in a refresh() method and call it off of the datasource instance w/in the component, and other proper techniques.

answered 7 months ago Pooja Paigude #4

this.dataSource = new MatTableDataSource(this.elements);

Add this line below your action of add or delete the particular row.

refresh() {
  this.authService.getAuthenticatedUser().subscribe((res) => {
    this.user = new MatTableDataSource<Element>(res);   
  });
}

answered 6 months ago MA-Maddin #5

I don't know if the ChangeDetectorRef was required when the question was created, but now this is enough:

import { MatTableDataSource } from '@angular/material/table';

// ...

dataSource = new MatTableDataSource<MyDataType>();

refresh() {
  this.myService.doSomething().subscribe(data: MyDataType[] => {
    this.dataSource.data = data;
  }
}

answered 5 months ago Machhindra Neupane #6

import { Subject } from 'rxjs/Subject';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';

export class LanguageComponent implemnts OnInit {
  displayedColumns = ['name', 'native', 'code', 'leavel'];
  user: any;
  private update = new Subject<void>();
  update$ = this.update.asObservable();

  constructor(private authService: AuthService, private dialog: MatDialog) {}

   ngOnInit() {
     this.update$.subscribe(() => { this.refresh()});
   }

   setUpdate() {
     this.update.next();
   }

   add() {
     this.dialog.open(LanguageAddComponent, {
     data: { user: this.user },
   }).afterClosed().subscribe(result => {
     this.setUpdate();
   });
 }

 refresh() {
   this.authService.getAuthenticatedUser().subscribe((res) => {
     this.user = res;
     this.teachDS = new LanguageDataSource(this.user.profile.languages.teach);   
    });
  }
}

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