How do you clone a Git repository into a specific folder?

David Smith Source

Executing the command git clone [email protected]:whatever creates a directory in my current folder named whatever, and drops the contents of the Git repository into that folder:

/httpdocs/whatever/public

My problem is that I need the contents of the Git repository cloned into my current directory so that they appear in the proper location for the web server:

/httpdocs/public

I know how to move the files after I've cloned the repository, but this seems to break Git, and I'd like to be able to update just by calling git pull. How can I do this?

gitrepositorygit-clone

Answers

answered 9 years ago Can Berk Güder #1

Option A:

git clone [email protected]:whatever folder-name

Option B:

move the .git folder, too.

Better yet:

Keep your working copy somewhere else, and create a symbolic link.

answered 9 years ago Paul #2

When you move the files to where you want them, are you also moving the .git directory? Depending on your OS and configuration, this directory may be hidden.

It contains the repo and the supporting files, while the project files that are in your /public directory are only the versions in the currently check-out commit (master branch by default).

answered 8 years ago J Wynia #3

The example I think a lot of people asking this question are after is this. If you are in the directory you want the contents of the git repository dumped to, run:

git clone [email protected]:whatever .

The "." at the end specifies the current folder as the checkout folder.

answered 7 years ago alex #4

Make sure you remove the .git repository if you are trying to check thing out into the current directory.

rm -rf .git then git clone https://github.com/symfony/symfony-sandbox.git

answered 6 years ago pacifi30 #5

Let's say you want in a folder like /stuff, but your pull is creating a directory under /repo/tokens/.

You can do:

mkdir /stuff
ln -s /repo/tokens /stuff

That's it. You are done.

answered 5 years ago Selvamani #6

Clone:

git clone [email protected]:jittre/name.git

Clone the "specific branch":

git clone -b [branch-name] [email protected]:jittre/name.git

answered 5 years ago Craig Gjerdingen #7

You clone a repository with

git clone [url]

For example, if you want to clone the Stanford University Drupal Open Framework Git library called open_framework, you can do so like this:

$ git clone git://github.com/SU-SWS/open_framework.git

That creates a directory named open_framework (at your current local file system location), initializes a .git directory inside it, pulls down all the data for that repository, and checks out a working copy of the latest version. If you go into the newly created open_framework directory, you’ll see the project files in there, ready to be worked on or used. If you want to clone the repository into a directory named something other than open_framework, you can specify that as the next command-line option:

$ git clone git:github.com/SU-SWS/open_framework.git mynewtheme

That command does the same thing as the previous one, but the target directory is called mynewtheme.

Git has a number of different transfer protocols you can use. The previous example uses the git:// protocol, but you may also see http(s):// or [email protected]:/path.git, which uses the SSH transfer protocol.

answered 5 years ago gnB #8

Regarding this line from the original post:

"I know how to move the files after I've cloned the repo, but this seems to break git"

I am able to do that and I don't see any issues so far with my add, commit, push, pull operations.

This approach is stated above, but just not broken down into steps. Here's the steps that work for me:

  1. clone the repo into any fresh temporary folder
  2. cd into that root folder you just cloned locally
  3. copy the entire contents of the folder, including the /.git directory - into any existing folder you like; (say an eclipse project that you want to merge with your repo)

The existing folder you just copied the files into , is now ready to interact with git.

answered 4 years ago csomakk #9

Go into the folder.. If the folder is empty, then:

git clone [email protected]:whatever .

else

git init
git remote add origin PATH/TO/REPO
git fetch
git checkout -t origin/master

answered 3 years ago Nagarjun #10

Usage

git clone <repository>

Clone the repository located at the <repository> onto the local machine. The original repository can be located on the local filesystem or on a remote machine accessible via HTTP or SSH.

git clone <repo> <directory>

Clone the repository located at <repository> into the folder called <directory> on the local machine.

Source: Setting up a repository

answered 2 years ago Ev- #11

Here's how I would do it, but I have made an alias to do it for me.

$ cd ~Downloads/git; git clone https:git.foo/poo.git

There is probably a more elegant way of doing this, however I found this to be easiest for myself.

Here's the alias I created to speed things along. I made it for zsh, but it should work just fine for bash or any other shell like fish, xyzsh, fizsh, and so on.

Edit ~/.zshrc, /.bashrc, etc. with your favorite editor (mine is Leafpad, so I would write $ leafpad ~/.zshrc).

My personal preference, however, is to make a zsh plugin to keep track of all my aliases. You can create a personal plugin for oh-my-zsh by running these commands:

$ cd ~/.oh-my-zsh/
$ cd plugins/
$ mkdir your-aliases-folder-name; cd your-aliases-folder-name
     # In my case '~/.oh-my-zsh/plugins/ev-aliases/ev-aliases'
$ leafpad your-zsh-aliases.plugin.zsh
     # Again, in my case 'ev-aliases.plugin.zsh'

Afterwards, add these lines to your newly created blank alises.plugin file:

# Git aliases
alias gc="cd ~/Downloads/git; git clone "

(From here, replace your name with mine.)

Then, in order to get the aliases to work, they (along with zsh) have to be sourced-in (or whatever it's called). To do so, inside your custom plugin document add this:

## Ev's Aliases

#### Remember to re-source zsh after making any changes with these commands:

#### These commands should also work, assuming ev-aliases have already been sourced before:

allsource="source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh ; source /home/ev/.oh-my-zsh/plugins/ev-aliases/ev-aliases.plugin.zsh; clear"
sourceall="source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh ; source /home/ev/.oh-my-zsh/plugins/ev-aliases/ev-aliases.plugin.zsh"
#### 

####################################

# git aliases

alias gc="cd ~/Downloads/git; git clone "
# alias gc="git clone "
# alias gc="cd /your/git/folder/or/whatever; git clone "

####################################

Save your oh-my-zsh plugin, and run allsource. If that does not seem to work, simply run source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh; source /home/ev/.oh-my-zsh/plugins/ev-aliases/ev-aliases.plugin.zsh. That will load the plugin source which will allow you to use allsource from now on.


I'm in the process of making a Git repository with all of my aliases. Please feel free to check them out here: Ev's dot-files. Please feel free to fork and improve upon them to suit your needs.

answered 1 year ago Luis #12

If you want to clone into the current folder, you should try this:

git clone https://github.com/example/example.git ./

answered 1 year ago kenorb #13

To clone git repository into a specific folder, you can use -C <path> parameter, e.g.

git -C /httpdocs clone [email protected]:whatever

Although it'll still create a whatever folder on top of it, so to clone the content of the repository into current directory, use the following syntax:

git [email protected]:whatever .

Note that cloning into an existing directory is only allowed when the directory is empty.

Since you're cloning into folder that is accessible for public, consider separating your Git repository from your working tree by using --separate-git-dir=<git dir> or exclude .git folder in your web server configuration (e.g. in .htaccess file).

answered 11 months ago Sarat Chandra #14

To clone to Present Working Directory:

git clone https://github.com/link.git

To clone to Another Directory:

git clone https://github.com/link.git ./Folder1/Folder2

Hope it Helps :)

answered 11 months ago Ankit Singh #15

If you are using ssh for git cloning you can use the following command.

git -C path clone [email protected]:path_to_repo.git

eg: git -C /home/ubuntu/ clone [email protected]:kennethreitz/requests.git would pull the git repository for requests to your /home/ubuntu/ path.

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