Convert a Unix timestamp to time in JavaScript

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I am storing time in a MySQL database as a Unix timestamp and that gets sent to some JavaScript code. How would I get just the time out of it?

For example, in HH/MM/SS format.

javascriptdatetimedate-formattime-format

Answers

answered 9 years ago Aron Rotteveel #1

// Create a new JavaScript Date object based on the timestamp
// multiplied by 1000 so that the argument is in milliseconds, not seconds.
var date = new Date(unix_timestamp*1000);
// Hours part from the timestamp
var hours = date.getHours();
// Minutes part from the timestamp
var minutes = "0" + date.getMinutes();
// Seconds part from the timestamp
var seconds = "0" + date.getSeconds();

// Will display time in 10:30:23 format
var formattedTime = hours + ':' + minutes.substr(-2) + ':' + seconds.substr(-2);

For more information regarding the Date object, please refer to MDN or the ECMAScript 5 specification.

answered 9 years ago Steve Harrison #2

JavaScript works in milliseconds, so you'll first have to convert the UNIX timestamp from seconds to milliseconds.

var date = new Date(UNIX_Timestamp * 1000);
// Manipulate JavaScript Date object here...

answered 9 years ago Grzegorz Gierlik #3

UNIX timestamp is number of seconds since 00:00:00 UTC on January 1, 1970 (according to Wikipedia).

Argument of Date object in Javascript is number of miliseconds since 00:00:00 UTC on January 1, 1970 (according to W3Schools Javascript documentation).

See code below for example:

    function tm(unix_tm) {
        var dt = new Date(unix_tm*1000);
        document.writeln(dt.getHours() + '/' + dt.getMinutes() + '/' + dt.getSeconds() + ' -- ' + dt + '<br>');

    }

tm(60);
tm(86400);

gives:

1/1/0 -- Thu Jan 01 1970 01:01:00 GMT+0100 (Central European Standard Time)
1/0/0 -- Fri Jan 02 1970 01:00:00 GMT+0100 (Central European Standard Time)

answered 7 years ago shomrat #4

function timeConverter(UNIX_timestamp){
  var a = new Date(UNIX_timestamp * 1000);
  var months = ['Jan','Feb','Mar','Apr','May','Jun','Jul','Aug','Sep','Oct','Nov','Dec'];
  var year = a.getFullYear();
  var month = months[a.getMonth()];
  var date = a.getDate();
  var hour = a.getHours();
  var min = a.getMinutes();
  var sec = a.getSeconds();
  var time = date + ' ' + month + ' ' + year + ' ' + hour + ':' + min + ':' + sec ;
  return time;
}
console.log(timeConverter(0));

answered 7 years ago shomrat #5

function timeConverter(UNIX_timestamp){
 var a = new Date(UNIX_timestamp*1000);
     var hour = a.getUTCHours();
     var min = a.getUTCMinutes();
     var sec = a.getUTCSeconds();
     var time = hour+':'+min+':'+sec ;
     return time;
 }

answered 7 years ago Bernie #6

The problem with the aforementioned solutions is, that if hour, minute or second, has only one digit (i.e. 0-9), the time would be wrong, e.g. it could be 2:3:9, but it should rather be 02:03:09.

According to this page it seems to be a better solution to use Date's "toLocaleTimeString" method.

answered 7 years ago shams #7

See Date/Epoch Converter.

You need to ParseInt, otherwise it wouldn't work:


if (!window.a)
    window.a = new Date();

var mEpoch = parseInt(UNIX_timestamp);

if (mEpoch < 10000000000)
    mEpoch *= 1000;

------
a.setTime(mEpoch);
var year = a.getFullYear();
...
return time;

answered 6 years ago deadrunk #8

Another way - from an ISO 8601 date.

var timestamp = 1293683278;
var date = new Date(timestamp*1000);
var iso = date.toISOString().match(/(\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2})/)
alert(iso[1]);

answered 6 years ago Fireblaze #9

// Format value as two digits 0 => 00, 1 => 01
function twoDigits(value) {
   if(value < 10) {
    return '0' + value;
   }
   return value;
}

var date = new Date(unix_timestamp*1000);
// display in format HH:MM:SS
var formattedTime = twoDigits(date.getHours()) 
      + ':' + twoDigits(date.getMinutes()) 
      + ':' + twoDigits(date.getSeconds());

answered 6 years ago Brad Koch #10

I'm partial to Jacob Wright's Date.format() library, which implements JavaScript date formatting in the style of PHP's date() function.

new Date(unix_timestamp * 1000).format('h:i:s')

answered 5 years ago homtg #11

I'd think about using a library like momentjs.com, that makes this really simple:

Based on a Unix timestamp:

var timestamp = moment.unix(1293683278);
console.log( timestamp.format("HH/mm/ss") );

Based on a MySQL date string:

var now = moment("2010-10-10 12:03:15");
console.log( now.format("HH/mm/ss") );

answered 5 years ago milkovsky #12

If you want to convert Unix time duration to real hours, minutes, and seconds, you could use the following code:

var hours = Math.floor(timestamp / 60 / 60);
var minutes = Math.floor((timestamp - hours * 60 * 60) / 60);
var seconds = Math.floor(timestamp - hours * 60 * 60 - minutes * 60 );
var duration = hours + ':' + minutes + ':' + seconds;

answered 4 years ago Adria #13

The modern solution that doesn't need a 40 KB library:

Intl.DateTimeFormat is the non-culturally imperialistic way to format a date/time.

// Setup once
var options = {
    //weekday: 'long',
    //month: 'short',
    //year: 'numeric',
    //day: 'numeric',
    hour: 'numeric',
    minute: 'numeric',
    second: 'numeric'
},
intlDate = new Intl.DateTimeFormat( undefined, options );

// Reusable formatter
var timeStamp = 1412743273;
console.log( intlDate.format( new Date( 1000 * timeStamp ) ) );

answered 3 years ago Bhaumik Mehta #14

function getDateTime(unixTimeStamp) {

    var d = new Date(unixTimeStamp);
    var h = (d.getHours().toString().length == 1) ? ('0' + d.getHours()) : d.getHours();
    var m = (d.getMinutes().toString().length == 1) ? ('0' + d.getMinutes()) : d.getMinutes();
    var s = (d.getSeconds().toString().length == 1) ? ('0' + d.getSeconds()) : d.getSeconds();

    var time = h + '/' + m + '/' + s;

    return time;
}

var myTime = getDateTime(1435986900000);
console.log(myTime); // output 01/15/00

answered 3 years ago Peter T. #15

Using Moment.js, you can get time and date like this:

var dateTimeString = moment(1439198499).format("DD-MM-YYYY HH:mm:ss");

And you can get only time using this:

var timeString = moment(1439198499).format("HH:mm:ss");

answered 3 years ago TechWisdom #16

Pay attention to the zero problem with some of the answers. For example, the timestamp 1439329773 would be mistakenly converted to 12/08/2015 0:49.

I would suggest on using the following to overcome this issue:

var timestamp = 1439329773; // replace your timestamp
var date = new Date(timestamp * 1000);
var formattedDate = ('0' + date.getDate()).slice(-2) + '/' + ('0' + (date.getMonth() + 1)).slice(-2) + '/' + date.getFullYear() + ' ' + ('0' + date.getHours()).slice(-2) + ':' + ('0' + date.getMinutes()).slice(-2);
console.log(formattedDate);

Now results in:

12/08/2015 00:49

answered 3 years ago synan54 #17

function getTIMESTAMP() {
      var date = new Date();
      var year = date.getFullYear();
      var month = ("0"+(date.getMonth()+1)).substr(-2);
      var day = ("0"+date.getDate()).substr(-2);
      var hour = ("0"+date.getHours()).substr(-2);
      var minutes = ("0"+date.getMinutes()).substr(-2);
      var seconds = ("0"+date.getSeconds()).substr(-2);

      return year+"-"+month+"-"+day+" "+hour+":"+minutes+":"+seconds;
    }
//2016-01-14 02:40:01

answered 3 years ago VisioN #18

Here is the shortest one-liner solution to format seconds as hh:mm:ss:

/**
 * Convert seconds to time string (hh:mm:ss).
 *
 * @param Number s
 *
 * @return String
 */
function time(s) {
    return new Date(s * 1e3).toISOString().slice(-13, -5);
}

console.log( time(12345) );  // "03:25:45"

Method Date.prototype.toISOString() returns time in simplified extended ISO 8601 format, which is always 24 or 27 characters long (i.e. YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.sssZ or ±YYYYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.sssZ respectively). The timezone is always zero UTC offset.

N.B.: This solution does not require any third-party libraries and is supported in all modern browsers and JavaScript engines.

answered 2 years ago Valix85 #19

In moment you must use unix timestamp:

var dateTimeString = moment.unix(1466760005).format("DD-MM-YYYY HH:mm:ss");

answered 2 years ago Basj #20

Based on @shomrat's answer, here is a snippet that automatically writes datetime like this (a bit similar to StackOverflow's date for answers: answered Nov 6 '16 at 11:51):

today, 11:23

or

yersterday, 11:23

or (if different but same year than today)

6 Nov, 11:23

or (if another year than today)

6 Nov 2016, 11:23

function timeConverter(t) {     
    var a = new Date(t * 1000);
    var today = new Date();
    var yesterday = new Date(Date.now() - 86400000);
    var months = ['Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec'];
    var year = a.getFullYear();
    var month = months[a.getMonth()];
    var date = a.getDate();
    var hour = a.getHours();
    var min = a.getMinutes();
    if (a.setHours(0,0,0,0) == today.setHours(0,0,0,0))
        return 'today, ' + hour + ':' + min;
    else if (a.setHours(0,0,0,0) == yesterday.setHours(0,0,0,0))
        return 'yesterday, ' + hour + ':' + min;
    else if (year == today.getFullYear())
        return date + ' ' + month + ', ' + hour + ':' + min;
    else
        return date + ' ' + month + ' ' + year + ', ' + hour + ':' + min;
}

answered 2 years ago John Slegers #21

You can use the following function to convert your timestamp to HH:MM:SS format :

var convertTime = function(timestamp, separator) {
    var pad = function(input) {return input < 10 ? "0" + input : input;};
    var date = timestamp ? new Date(timestamp * 1000) : new Date();
    return [
        pad(date.getHours()),
        pad(date.getMinutes()),
        pad(date.getSeconds())
    ].join(typeof separator !== 'undefined' ?  separator : ':' );
}

Without passing a separator, it uses : as the (default) separator :

time = convertTime(1061351153); // --> OUTPUT = 05:45:53

If you want to use / as a separator, just pass it as the second parameter:

time = convertTime(920535115, '/'); // --> OUTPUT = 09/11/55

Demo

var convertTime = function(timestamp, separator) {
    var pad = function(input) {return input < 10 ? "0" + input : input;};
    var date = timestamp ? new Date(timestamp * 1000) : new Date();
    return [
        pad(date.getHours()),
        pad(date.getMinutes()),
        pad(date.getSeconds())
    ].join(typeof separator !== 'undefined' ?  separator : ':' );
}

document.body.innerHTML = '<pre>' + JSON.stringify({
    920535115 : convertTime(920535115, '/'),
    1061351153 : convertTime(1061351153, ':'),
    1435651350 : convertTime(1435651350, '-'),
    1487938926 : convertTime(1487938926),
    1555135551 : convertTime(1555135551, '.')
}, null, '\t') +  '</pre>';

See also this Fiddle.

answered 1 year ago Ashish Gupta #22

 function getDateTimeFromTimestamp(unixTimeStamp) {
    var date = new Date(unixTimeStamp);
    return ('0' + date.getDate()).slice(-2) + '/' + ('0' + (date.getMonth() + 1)).slice(-2) + '/' + date.getFullYear() + ' ' + ('0' + date.getHours()).slice(-2) + ':' + ('0' + date.getMinutes()).slice(-2);
  }

var myTime = getDateTimeFromTimestamp(1435986900000);
console.log(myTime); // output 01/05/2000 11:00

answered 5 months ago Dan Alboteanu #23

Use:

var s = new Date(1504095567183).toLocaleDateString("en-US")
// expected output "8/30/2017"   

and for time:

var s = new Date(1504095567183).toLocaleTimeString("en-US") 
// expected output "3:19:27 PM"`

see Date.prototype.toLocaleDateString()

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