How to get the value from the GET parameters?

joe Source

I have a URL with some GET parameters as follows:

www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5 

I need to get the whole value of c. I tried to read the URL, but I got only m2. How do I do this using JavaScript?

javascripturl

Answers

answered 9 years ago Quentin #1

JavaScript itself has nothing built in for handling query string parameters.

In a (modern) browser you can use the URL object;

var url_string = "http://www.example.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5"; //window.location.href
var url = new URL(url_string);
var c = url.searchParams.get("c");
console.log(c);


For older browsers (including Internet Explorer), you can use this polyfill or the code from the original version of this answer that predates URL:

You could access location.search, which would give you from the ? character on to the end of the URL or the start of the fragment identifier (#foo), whichever comes first.

Then you can parse it with this:

function parse_query_string(query) {
  var vars = query.split("&");
  var query_string = {};
  for (var i = 0; i < vars.length; i++) {
    var pair = vars[i].split("=");
    var key = decodeURIComponent(pair[0]);
    var value = decodeURIComponent(pair[1]);
    // If first entry with this name
    if (typeof query_string[key] === "undefined") {
      query_string[key] = decodeURIComponent(value);
      // If second entry with this name
    } else if (typeof query_string[key] === "string") {
      var arr = [query_string[key], decodeURIComponent(value)];
      query_string[key] = arr;
      // If third or later entry with this name
    } else {
      query_string[key].push(decodeURIComponent(value));
    }
  }
  return query_string;
}

var query_string = "a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5";
var parsed_qs = parse_query_string(query_string);
console.log(parsed_qs.c);

You can get the query string from the URL of the current page with:

var query = window.location.search.substring(1);
var qs = parse_query_string(query);

answered 9 years ago Blixt #2

You can get the query string in location.search, then you can split everything after the question mark:

var params = {};

if (location.search) {
    var parts = location.search.substring(1).split('&');

    for (var i = 0; i < parts.length; i++) {
        var nv = parts[i].split('=');
        if (!nv[0]) continue;
        params[nv[0]] = nv[1] || true;
    }
}

// Now you can get the parameters you want like so:
var abc = params.abc;

answered 9 years ago Haim Evgi #3

source

function gup( name, url ) {
    if (!url) url = location.href;
    name = name.replace(/[\[]/,"\\\[").replace(/[\]]/,"\\\]");
    var regexS = "[\\?&]"+name+"=([^&#]*)";
    var regex = new RegExp( regexS );
    var results = regex.exec( url );
    return results == null ? null : results[1];
}
gup('q', 'hxxp://example.com/?q=abc')

answered 9 years ago Ates Goral #4

Most implementations I've seen miss out URL-decoding the names and the values.

Here's a general utility function that also does proper URL-decoding:

function getQueryParams(qs) {
    qs = qs.split('+').join(' ');

    var params = {},
        tokens,
        re = /[?&]?([^=]+)=([^&]*)/g;

    while (tokens = re.exec(qs)) {
        params[decodeURIComponent(tokens[1])] = decodeURIComponent(tokens[2]);
    }

    return params;
}

//var query = getQueryParams(document.location.search);
//alert(query.foo);

answered 7 years ago Chris Dutrow #5

I use the parseUri library. It allows you to do exactly what you are asking for:

var uri = 'www.test.com/t.html&a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5';
var c = uri.queryKey['c'];
// c = 'm2-m3-m4-m5'

answered 7 years ago Dhiral Pandya #6

See this

function getURLParameters(paramName)
{
    var sURL = window.document.URL.toString();
    if (sURL.indexOf("?") > 0)
    {
        var arrParams = sURL.split("?");
        var arrURLParams = arrParams[1].split("&");
        var arrParamNames = new Array(arrURLParams.length);
        var arrParamValues = new Array(arrURLParams.length);

        var i = 0;
        for (i = 0; i<arrURLParams.length; i++)
        {
            var sParam =  arrURLParams[i].split("=");
            arrParamNames[i] = sParam[0];
            if (sParam[1] != "")
                arrParamValues[i] = unescape(sParam[1]);
            else
                arrParamValues[i] = "No Value";
        }

        for (i=0; i<arrURLParams.length; i++)
        {
            if (arrParamNames[i] == paramName)
            {
                //alert("Parameter:" + arrParamValues[i]);
                return arrParamValues[i];
            }
        }
        return "No Parameters Found";
    }
}

answered 5 years ago Eric Elliott #7

Here's a solution I find a little more readable -- but it will require a .forEach() shim for < IE8:

var getParams = function () {
  var params = {};
  if (location.search) {
    var parts = location.search.slice(1).split('&');

    parts.forEach(function (part) {
      var pair = part.split('=');
      pair[0] = decodeURIComponent(pair[0]);
      pair[1] = decodeURIComponent(pair[1]);
      params[pair[0]] = (pair[1] !== 'undefined') ?
        pair[1] : true;
    });
  }
  return params;
}

answered 5 years ago VaMoose #8

I found this ages ago, very easy:

function getUrlVars() {
    var vars = {};
    var parts = window.location.href.replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi,    
    function(m,key,value) {
      vars[key] = value;
    });
    return vars;
  }

Then call it like this:

var fType = getUrlVars()["type"];

answered 5 years ago mzalazar #9

This is an easy way to check just one parameter:

Example URL:

    http://myserver/action?myParam=2

Example Javascript:

    var myParam = location.search.split('myParam=')[1]

if "myParam" exists in the URL... variable myParam will contain "2", otherwise it will be undefined.

Maybe you want a default value, in that case:

    var myParam = location.search.split('myParam=')[1] ? location.search.split('myParam=')[1] : 'myDefaultValue';

Update: This works better:

    var url = "http://www.example.com/index.php?myParam=384&login=admin"; // or window.location.href for current url
    var captured = /myParam=([^&]+)/.exec(url)[1]; // Value is in [1] ('384' in our case)
    var result = captured ? captured : 'myDefaultValue';

And it works right even when URL is full of parameters.

answered 5 years ago Jai #10

Here is a recursive solution that has no regex, and has minimal mutation (only the params object is mutated, which I believe is unavoidable in JS).

It's awesome because it:

  • Is recursive
  • Handles multiple parameters of the same name
  • Deals well with malformed parameter strings (missing values, so on)
  • Doesn't break if '=' is in the value
  • Performs URL decoding
  • And lastly, It's awesome because it...argh!!!

Code:

var get_params = function(search_string) {

  var parse = function(params, pairs) {
    var pair = pairs[0];
    var parts = pair.split('=');
    var key = decodeURIComponent(parts[0]);
    var value = decodeURIComponent(parts.slice(1).join('='));

    // Handle multiple parameters of the same name
    if (typeof params[key] === "undefined") {
      params[key] = value;
    } else {
      params[key] = [].concat(params[key], value);
    }

    return pairs.length == 1 ? params : parse(params, pairs.slice(1))
  }

  // Get rid of leading ?
  return search_string.length == 0 ? {} : parse({}, search_string.substr(1).split('&'));
}

var params = get_params(location.search);

// Finally, to get the param you want
params['c'];

answered 5 years ago philtune #11

I like writing shorthand as much as possible:

URL: example.com/mortgage_calc.htm?pmts=120&intr=6.8&prin=10000

Vanilla Javascript:

for ( var vObj = {}, i=0, vArr = window.location.search.substring(1).split('&');
        i < vArr.length; v = vArr[i++].split('='), vObj[v[0]] = v[1] ){}
// vObj = {pmts: "120", intr: "6.8", prin: "10000"}

answered 5 years ago equazcion #12

Yet another suggestion.

There are some good answers already, but I found them needlessly complex and hard to understand. This is short, simple, and returns a simple associative array with key names corresponding to the token names in the URL.

I added a version with comments below for those who want to learn.

Note this relies on jQuery ($.each) for its loop, which I recommend instead of forEach. I find it simpler to ensure cross-browser compatibility using jQuery across the board rather than plugging in individual fixes to support whichever new functions aren't supported in older browsers.

Edit: After I wrote this I noticed Eric Elliott's answer, which is almost the same, though it uses forEach, while I'm generally against (for reasons stated above).

function getTokens(){
    var tokens = [];
    var query = location.search;
    query = query.slice(1);
    query = query.split('&');
    $.each(query, function(i,value){    
        var token = value.split('=');   
        var key = decodeURIComponent(token[0]);     
        var data = decodeURIComponent(token[1]);
        tokens[key] = data;
    });
    return tokens;
}

Commented version:

function getTokens(){
    var tokens = [];            // new array to hold result
    var query = location.search; // everything from the '?' onward 
    query = query.slice(1);     // remove the first character, which will be the '?' 
    query = query.split('&');   // split via each '&', leaving us an array of something=something strings

    // iterate through each something=something string
    $.each(query, function(i,value){    

        // split the something=something string via '=', creating an array containing the token name and data
        var token = value.split('=');   

        // assign the first array element (the token name) to the 'key' variable
        var key = decodeURIComponent(token[0]);     

        // assign the second array element (the token data) to the 'data' variable
        var data = decodeURIComponent(token[1]);

        tokens[key] = data;     // add an associative key/data pair to our result array, with key names being the URI token names
    });

    return tokens;  // return the array
}

For the examples below we'll assume this address:

http://www.example.com/page.htm?id=4&name=murray

You can assign the URL tokens to your own variable:

var tokens = getTokens();

Then refer to each URL token by name like this:

document.write( tokens['id'] );

This would print "4".

You can also simply refer to a a token name from the function directly:

document.write( getTokens()['name'] );

...which would print "murray".

answered 4 years ago Tyson #13

this question has too many answers, so i'm adding another one.

/**
 * parses and returns URI query parameters 
 * 
 * @param {string} param parm
 * @param {bool?} asArray if true, returns an array instead of a scalar 
 * @returns {Object|Array} 
 */
function getURIParameter(param, asArray) {
    return document.location.search.substring(1).split('&').reduce(function(p,c) {
        var parts = c.split('=', 2).map(function(param) { return decodeURIComponent(param); });
        if(parts.length == 0 || parts[0] != param) return (p instanceof Array) && !asArray ? null : p;
        return asArray ? p.concat(parts.concat(true)[1]) : parts.concat(true)[1];
    }, []);
}

usage:

getURIParameter("id")  // returns the last id or null if not present
getURIParameter("id", true) // returns an array of all ids

this copes with empty parameters (those keys present without "=value"), exposure of both a scalar and array-based value retrieval API, as well as proper URI component decoding.

answered 4 years ago Timmerz #14

You can add an input box and then ask the user to copy the value into it...it's really easy that way:

<h1>Hey User! Can you please copy the value out of the location bar where it says like, &m=2? Thanks! And then, if you could...paste it in the box below and click the Done button?</h1>
<input type='text' id='the-url-value' />
<input type='button' value='This is the Done button. Click here after you do all that other stuff I wrote.' />

<script>
//...read the value on click

Ok, seriously though...I found this code and it seems to work good:

http://www.developerdrive.com/2013/08/turning-the-querystring-into-a-json-object-using-javascript/

function queryToJSON() {
    var pairs = location.search.slice(1).split('&');

    var result = {};
    pairs.forEach(function(pair) {
        pair = pair.split('=');
        result[pair[0]] = decodeURIComponent(pair[1] || '');
    });

    return JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(result));
}

var query = queryToJSON();

answered 4 years ago jns #15

Here is my solution: jsfiddle

The method below returns a dictionary containing the parameters of the given URL. In case there are no paramters it will be null.

function getParams(url){
    var paramsStart = url.indexOf('?');
    var params = null;

    //no params available
    if(paramsStart != -1){
        var paramsString = url.substring(url.indexOf('?') + 1, url.length);

        //only '?' available
        if(paramsString != ""){
            var paramsPairs = paramsString.split('&');

            //preparing
            params = {};
            var empty = true;
            var index  = 0;
            var key = "";
            var val = "";

            for(i = 0, len = paramsPairs.length; i < len; i++){
                index = paramsPairs[i].indexOf('=');

                //if assignment symbol found
                if(index != -1){
                    key = paramsPairs[i].substring(0, index);
                    val = paramsPairs[i].substring(index + 1, paramsPairs[i].length);

                    if(key != "" && val != ""){

                        //extend here for decoding, integer parsing, whatever...

                        params[key] = val;

                        if(empty){
                            empty = false;
                        }
                    }                    
                }
            }

            if(empty){
                params = null;
            }
        }
    }

    return params;
}

answered 4 years ago Bobb Fwed #16

Here is what I do:

var uriParams = getSearchParameters();
alert(uriParams.c);


// background functions:

// Get object/associative array of URL parameters
function getSearchParameters () {
  var prmstr = window.location.search.substr(1);
  return prmstr !== null && prmstr !== "" ? transformToAssocArray(prmstr) : {};
}

// convert parameters from url-style string to associative array
function transformToAssocArray (prmstr) {
  var params = {},
      prmarr = prmstr.split("&");

  for (var i = 0; i < prmarr.length; i++) {
    var tmparr = prmarr[i].split("=");
    params[tmparr[0]] = tmparr[1];
  }
  return params;
}

answered 4 years ago thezar #17

// Read a page's GET URL variables and return them as an associative array.
function getUrlVars()
{
    var vars = [], hash;
    var hashes = window.location.href.slice(window.location.href.indexOf('?') + 1).split('&');
    for(var i = 0; i < hashes.length; i++)
    {
        hash = hashes[i].split('=');
        vars.push(hash[0]);
        vars[hash[0]] = hash[1];
    }
    return vars;
}

// Usage for URL: http://my.site.com/location?locationId=53cc272c0364aefcb78756cd&shared=false
var id = getUrlVars()["locationId"];

Got from here: http://jquery-howto.blogspot.ru/2009/09/get-url-parameters-values-with-jquery.html

answered 4 years ago user64141 #18

Use dojo. No other solution on here is this short or as well-tested:

require(["dojo/io-query"], function(ioQuery){
    var uri = "www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5 ";
    var query = uri.substring(uri.indexOf("?") + 1, uri.length);
    var queryObject = ioQuery.queryToObject(query);
    console.log(queryObject.c); //prints m2-m3-m4-m5
});

answered 4 years ago nathanengineer #19

I wrote a more simple and elegant solution.

var arr = document.URL.match(/room=([0-9]+)/)
var room = arr[1];

answered 4 years ago Gus #20

Or if you don't want to reinvent the URI parsing wheel use URI.js

To get the value of a parameter named foo:

new URI((''+document.location)).search(true).foo

What that does is

  1. Convert document.location to a string (it's an object)
  2. Feed that string to URI.js's URI class construtor
  3. Invoke the search() function to get the search (query) portion of the url
    (passing true tells it to output an object)
  4. Access the foo property on the resulting object to get the value

Here's a fiddle for this.... http://jsfiddle.net/m6tett01/12/

answered 4 years ago thoggy #21

window.location.href.split("?")

then disregard the first index

Array.prototype.slice.call(window.location.href.split("?"), 1) 

returns an array of your url parameters

var paramArray = Array.prototype.slice.call(window.location.href.split(/[?=]+/), 1);
var paramObject = paramArray.reduce(function(x, y, i, a){ (i%2==0) ?  (x[y] = a[i+1]) : void 0; return x; }, {});

A bit more verbose/hacky but also functional, paramObject contains all parameters mapped as a js object

answered 4 years ago K-Gun #22

PHP parse_str copycat.. :)

// Handles also array params well
function parseQueryString(query) {
    var pars = (query != null ? query : "").replace(/&+/g, "&").split('&'),
        par, key, val, re = /^([\w]+)\[(.*)\]/i, ra, ks, ki, i = 0,
        params = {};

    while ((par = pars.shift()) && (par = par.split('=', 2))) {
        key = decodeURIComponent(par[0]);
        // prevent param value going to be "undefined" as string
        val = decodeURIComponent(par[1] || "").replace(/\+/g, " ");
        // check array params
        if (ra = re.exec(key)) {
            ks = ra[1];
            // init array param
            if (!(ks in params)) {
                params[ks] = {};
            }
            // set int key
            ki = (ra[2] != "") ? ra[2] : i++;
            // set array param
            params[ks][ki] = val;
            // go on..
            continue;
        }
        // set param
        params[key] = val;
    }

    return params;
}

var query = 'foo=1&bar=The+bar!%20&arr[]=a0&arr[]=a1&arr[s]=as&isset&arr[]=last';
var params = parseQueryString(query);
console.log(params)
console.log(params.foo)        // 1
console.log(params.bar)        // The bar!
console.log(params.arr[0])     // a0
console.log(params.arr[1])     // a1
console.log(params.arr.s)      // as
console.log(params.arr.none)   // undefined
console.log("isset" in params) // true like: isset($_GET['isset'])



/*
// in php
parse_str('foo=1&bar=The+bar!%20&arr[]=a0&arr[]=a1&arr[s]=as&isset&arr[]=last', $query);
print_r($query);

Array
(
    [foo] => 1
    [bar] => The bar!
    [arr] => Array
        (
            [0] => a0
            [1] => a1
            [s] => as
            [2] => last
        )

    [isset] =>
)*/

answered 4 years ago Gatsbimantico #23

Learning from many answers (like VaMoose's, Gnarf's or Blixt's).

You can create an object (or use the Location object) and add a method that allows you to get the URL parameters, decoded and with JS style:

Url = {
    params: undefined,
    get get(){
        if(!this.params){
            var vars = {};
            if(url.length!==0)
                url.replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi, function(m,key,value){
                    key=decodeURIComponent(key);
                    if(typeof vars[key]==="undefined") {
                        vars[key]= decodeURIComponent(value);
                    }
                    else {
                        vars[key]= [].concat(vars[key], decodeURIComponent(value));
                    }
                });
            this.params = vars;
        }
        return this.params;
    }
};

This allows the method to be called just using Url.get.

The first time it will fetch the object from the url, next times it will load the saved ones.

Example

In a url like ?param1=param1Value&param2=param2Value&param1=param1Value2, parameters can be fetched like:

Url.get.param1 //["param1Value","param1Value2"]
Url.get.param2 //"param2Value"

answered 4 years ago Ravi Patel #24

For Single Parameter Value like this index.html?msg=1 use following code,

$(window).load(function(){
    queryString();
});

function queryString()
{
    var queryString = window.location.search.substring(1);
    var varArray = queryString.split("="); //eg. index.html?msg=1

    var param1 = varArray[0];
    var param2 = varArray[1];

}

For All Parameter Value use following Code,

$(window).load(function(){
    queryString();
});

function queryString()
{
    var queryString = window.location.search;
    var varArray = queryString.split("&");
    for (var i=0;i<varArray.length;i++) {
      var param = varArray[i].split("=");
        //parameter-value pair
    }
} 

answered 4 years ago Sariban D'Cl #25

Here I am posting one example. But it's in jQuery. Hope it will help others:

<script type="text/javascript" src="jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="jquery.url.js"></script>

<!-- URL:  www.example.com/correct/?message=done&year=1990-->

<script type="text/javascript">
$(function(){
    $.url.attr('protocol')  // --> Protocol: "http"
    $.url.attr('path')          // --> host: "www.example.com"
    $.url.attr('query')         // --> path: "/correct/"
    $.url.attr('message')   // --> query: "done"
    $.url.attr('year')      // --> query: "1990"
});
</script>

answered 3 years ago Charlesthk #26

Here is the angularJs source code for parsing url query parameters into an Object :

function tryDecodeURIComponent(value) {
  try {
    return decodeURIComponent(value);
  } catch (e) {
    // Ignore any invalid uri component
  }
}

function isDefined(value) {return typeof value !== 'undefined';}

function parseKeyValue(keyValue) {
  keyValue = keyValue.replace(/^\?/, '');
  var obj = {}, key_value, key;
  var iter = (keyValue || "").split('&');
  for (var i=0; i<iter.length; i++) {
    var kValue = iter[i];
    if (kValue) {
      key_value = kValue.replace(/\+/g,'%20').split('=');
      key = tryDecodeURIComponent(key_value[0]);
      if (isDefined(key)) {
        var val = isDefined(key_value[1]) ? tryDecodeURIComponent(key_value[1]) : true;
        if (!hasOwnProperty.call(obj, key)) {
          obj[key] = val;
        } else if (isArray(obj[key])) {
          obj[key].push(val);
        } else {
          obj[key] = [obj[key],val];
        }
      }
    }
  };
  return obj;
}

alert(JSON.stringify(parseKeyValue('?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5')));

You can add this function to window.location:

window.location.query = function query(arg){
  q = parseKeyValue(this.search);
  if (!isDefined(arg)) {
    return q;
  }      
  if (q.hasOwnProperty(arg)) {
    return q[arg];
  } else {
    return "";
  }
}

// assuming you have this url :
// http://www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5

console.log(window.location.query())

// Object {a: "1", b: "3", c: "m2-m3-m4-m5"}

console.log(window.location.query('c'))

// "m2-m3-m4-m5"

answered 3 years ago veiset #27

ECMAScript 6 solution:

var params = window.location.search
  .substring(1)
  .split("&")
  .map(v => v.split("="))
  .reduce((map, [key, value]) => map.set(key, decodeURIComponent(value)), new Map())

answered 3 years ago Nate Ferrero #28

I made a function that does this:

var getUrlParams = function (url) {
  var params = {};
  (url + '?').split('?')[1].split('&').forEach(function (pair) {
    pair = (pair + '=').split('=').map(decodeURIComponent);
    if (pair[0].length) {
      params[pair[0]] = pair[1];
    }
  });
  return params;
};

Update 5/26/2017, here is an ES7 implementation (runs with babel preset stage 0, 1, 2, or 3):

const getUrlParams = url => `${url}?`.split('?')[1]
  .split('&').reduce((params, pair) =>
    ((key, val) => key ? {...params, [key]: val} : params)
    (...`${pair}=`.split('=').map(decodeURIComponent)), {});

Some tests:

console.log(getUrlParams('https://google.com/foo?a=1&b=2&c')); // Will log {a: '1', b: '2', c: ''}
console.log(getUrlParams('/foo?a=1&b=2&c')); // Will log {a: '1', b: '2', c: ''}
console.log(getUrlParams('?a=1&b=2&c')); // Will log {a: '1', b: '2', c: ''}
console.log(getUrlParams('https://google.com/')); // Will log {}
console.log(getUrlParams('a=1&b=2&c')); // Will log {}

Update 3/26/2018, here is a Typescript implementation:

const getUrlParams = (search: string) => `${search}?`
  .split('?')[1]
  .split('&')
  .reduce(
    (params: object, pair: string) => {
      const [key, value] = `${pair}=`
        .split('=')
        .map(decodeURIComponent)

      return key.length > 0 ? { ...params, [key]: value } : params
    },
    {}
  )

answered 3 years ago Waseem Khan #29

I had the need to read a URL GET variable and complete an action based on the url parameter. I searched high and low for a solution and came across this little piece of code. It basically reads the current page url, perform some regular expression on the URL then saves the url parameters in an associative array, which we can easily access.

So as an example if we had the following url with the javascript at the bottom in place.

http://TestServer/Pages/NewsArchive.aspx?year=2013&Month=July

All we’d need to do to get the parameters id and page are to call this:

The Code will be:

<script type="text/javascript">
var first = getUrlVars()["year"];
var second = getUrlVars()["Month"];

alert(first);
alert(second);
function getUrlVars() {
var vars = {};
var parts = window.location.href.replace(/[?&]+([^=&]+)=([^&]*)/gi, function(m,key,value) {
vars[key] = value;
});
return vars;
}
</script>

answered 3 years ago Sudhakar Reddy #30

Simple way

function getParams(url){
        var regex = /[?&]([^=#]+)=([^&#]*)/g,
            params = {},
            match;
        while(match = regex.exec(url)) {
            params[match[1]] = match[2];
        }
        return params;
    }

then call it like getParams(url)

answered 3 years ago Qiang #31

function getParamValue(param) {
    var urlParamString = location.search.split(param + "=");
    if (urlParamString.length <= 1) return "";
    else {
        var tmp = urlParamString[1].split("&");
        return tmp[0];
    }
}

This should work for your case no matter the param is last or not.

answered 3 years ago cgatian #32

Browsers vendors have implemented a native way to do this via URL and URLSearchParams.

let url = new URL('http://www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5');
let searchParams = new URLSearchParams(url.search);
console.log(searchParams.get('c'));  // outputs "m2-m3-m4-m5"

Currently supported in Firefox, Opera, Safari, Chrome and Edge. For a list of browser support see here.

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/URLSearchParams https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/URL/URL

https://url.spec.whatwg.org/

Eric Bidelman, an engineer at Google, recommends using this polyfill for unsupported browsers.

answered 3 years ago Fancyoung #33

I use

function getVal(str) {
    var v = window.location.search.match(new RegExp('(?:[\?\&]'+str+'=)([^&]+)'));
    return v ? v[1] : null;
}

answered 3 years ago Pieter #34

$_GET: function (param) {
    var regex = new RegExp("(?:[?&]+" + param + "=)([^&]*)?", "i");
    var match = regex.exec(window.location.href);
    return match === null ? match : match[1];
}

answered 2 years ago Maviza101 #35

Here is my solution. As advised by Andy E while answering this question, it's not good for your script's performance if it's repeatedly building various regex strings, running loops etc just to get a single value. So, I've come up with a simpler script that returns all the GET parameters in a single object. You should call it just once, assign the result to a variable and then, at any point in the future, get any value you want from that variable using the appropriate key. Note that it also takes care of URI decoding (i.e things like %20) and replaces + with a space:

 function getUrlQueryParams(url) {
  var queryString = url.split("?")[1];
  var keyValuePairs = queryString.split("&");
  var keyValue = [];
  var queryParams = {};
  keyValuePairs.forEach(function(pair) {
    keyValue = pair.split("=");
    queryParams[keyValue[0]] = decodeURIComponent(keyValue[1]).replace(/\+/g, " ");
});
  return queryParams;
}

So, here are are a few tests of the script for you to see:

// Query parameters with strings only, no special characters.
var currentParams = getUrlQueryParams("example.com/foo?number=zero");
alert(currentParams["number"]); // Gives "zero".

// For the URL you stated above...
var someParams = getUrlQueryParams("www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5 ");
alert(someParams["c"]); // Gives "m2-m3-m4-m5".

// For a query params with URI encoding...
var someParams = getUrlQueryParams("www.example.com/t.html?phrase=a%20long%20shot&location=Silicon+Valley%2C+USA");
alert(someParams["phrase"]); // Gives "a long shot".
alert(someParams["location"]); // Gives "Silicon Valley, USA".

answered 2 years ago Syed Shahjahan #36

We can get the c parameter values in a simpler way without looping all the parameters, see the below jQuery to get the parameters.

1. To Get the Parameter value:

var url = "www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5";

url.match(**/(c=)[0-9A-Za-z-]+/ig**)[0].replace('c=',"")

(or)

url.match(**/(c=)[0-z-]+/ig**)[0].replace('c=',"")

returns as a string

"m2-m3-m4-m5"

2. To Replace the parameter value:

var url = "www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5";

url.replace(**/(c=)[0-9A-Za-z-]+/ig, "c=m2345"**)

answered 2 years ago Oyvkva #37

This works:

function getURLParameter(name) {
  return decodeURIComponent((new RegExp('[?|&]' + name + '=' + '([^&;]+?)(&|#|;|$)').exec(location.href) || [null, ''])[1].replace(/\+/g, '%20')) || null;
}

I didn't get any of the other top answers to work.

answered 2 years ago Wolf7176 #38

// http:localhost:8080/path?param_1=a&param_2=b
var getParamsMap = function () {
    var params = window.location.search.split("&");
    var paramsMap = {};
    params.forEach(function (p) {
        var v = p.split("=");
        paramsMap[v[0]]=decodeURIComponent(v[1]);
    });
    return paramsMap;
};

// -----------------------

console.log(getParamsMap()["param_1"]);  // should log "a"     

answered 2 years ago spencer.sm #39

A super simple way using URLSearchParams.

function getParam(param){
  return new URLSearchParams(window.location.search).get(param);
}

It's currently supported in Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, and others.

answered 1 year ago Ethan #40

I developed a JavaScript tool to do this in one easy step

First, copy this script link into the head of your HTML:

<script src="https://booligoosh.github.io/urlParams/urlParams.js"></script>

Then simply get the value of c using urlParams.c or urlParams['c']. Simple!

You can see a real demo using your values here.

Also keep in mind that I did develop this, but it's an easy and carefree solution to your problem. This tool also includes hex character decoding, which can often be helpful.

answered 11 months ago Niv Kahlon #41

you can run this function

    function getUrlVars()
    {
        var vars = [], hash;
        var hashes = window.location.href.slice(window.location.href.indexOf('?') + 1).split('&');
        for(var i = 0; i < hashes.length; i++)
        {
            hash = hashes[i].split('=');
            vars.push(hash[0]);
            vars[hash[0]] = hash[1];
        }
        return vars;
    }

    var source = getUrlVars()["lm_supplier"];
    var el = source.toString();
    var result= decodeURI(el);

console.log(result)

this function get what you want from the url, var source = getUrlVars()["put what you want to get from the url"];

answered 11 months ago Andrew Christopher #42

    function gup() {
    var qs = document.location.search;
    qs = qs.split('+').join(' ');
    var params = {}, tokens, re = /[?&]?([^=]+)=([^&]*)/g;
    while (tokens = re.exec(qs))
        params[decodeURIComponent(tokens[1])] = decodeURIComponent(tokens[2]);
    return params;
}

use it like

var params = gup()

and then

params.param1
params.param2

answered 7 months ago Dmitriy Yusupov #43

In my case ( redirect to new domain with all sub url )::

window.location.replace("https://newdomain.com" + window.location.pathname);

answered 6 months ago opcode #44

I use the following,

  • remove first "?" character
  • split the parameters key=value, or key
  • put the ones with a valid key in an "out" object
  • print "out"
var out = {}; 
window.location.search.replace("?","").split("&").map(function(part){ 
      var tmp = part.split("=");
      var key = tmp[0];
      var val = tmp[1];
      if ((typeof key == 'string')&&(key.length>0)){
              out[key] = val; 
      }
})
console.log(out);

Test URL (intended to be a bit malicious)

mywebsite.com/t=1234&e=mydata1&a&&v&=&e=mydata2

Output

{t: "1234", e: "mydata2", a: undefined, v: undefined}


Your string

?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5

Output

{a: "1", b: "3", c: "m2-m3-m4-m5"}


Hope this helps!

answered 6 months ago John Slegers #45

This Gist by Eldon McGuinness is by far the most complete implementation of a JavaScript query string parser that I've seen so far.

Unfortunately, it's written as a jQuery plugin.

I rewrote it to vanilla JS and made a few improvements :

function parseQuery(str) {
  var qso = {};
  var qs = (str || document.location.search);
  // Check for an empty querystring
  if (qs == "") {
    return qso;
  }
  // Normalize the querystring
  qs = qs.replace(/(^\?)/, '').replace(/;/g, '&');
  while (qs.indexOf("&&") != -1) {
    qs = qs.replace(/&&/g, '&');
  }
  qs = qs.replace(/([\&]+$)/, '');
  // Break the querystring into parts
  qs = qs.split("&");
  // Build the querystring object
  for (var i = 0; i < qs.length; i++) {
    var qi = qs[i].split("=");
    qi = qi.map(function(n) {
      return decodeURIComponent(n)
    });
    if (typeof qi[1] === "undefined") {
      qi[1] = null;
    }
    if (typeof qso[qi[0]] !== "undefined") {

      // If a key already exists then make this an object
      if (typeof (qso[qi[0]]) == "string") {
        var temp = qso[qi[0]];
        if (qi[1] == "") {
          qi[1] = null;
        }
        qso[qi[0]] = [];
        qso[qi[0]].push(temp);
        qso[qi[0]].push(qi[1]);

      } else if (typeof (qso[qi[0]]) == "object") {
        if (qi[1] == "") {
          qi[1] = null;
        }
        qso[qi[0]].push(qi[1]);
      }
    } else {
      // If no key exists just set it as a string
      if (qi[1] == "") {
        qi[1] = null;
      }
      qso[qi[0]] = qi[1];
    }
  }
  return qso;
}

// DEMO
console.log(parseQuery("?foo=bar&foo=boo&roo=bar;bee=bop;=ghost;=ghost2;&;checkbox%5B%5D=b1;checkbox%5B%5D=b2;dd=;http=http%3A%2F%2Fw3schools.com%2Fmy%20test.asp%3Fname%3Dst%C3%A5le%26car%3Dsaab&http=http%3A%2F%2Fw3schools2.com%2Fmy%20test.asp%3Fname%3Dst%C3%A5le%26car%3Dsaab"));

See also this Fiddle.

answered 3 months ago aabiro #46

I tried a lot of different ways, but this tried and true regex function works for me when I am looking for param values in a URL, hope this helps:

        var text = 'www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5'

        function QueryString(item, text){
            var foundString = text.match(new RegExp("[\?\&]" + item + "=([^\&]*)(\&?)","i"));
            return foundString ? foundString[1] : foundString;
        }

        console.log(QueryString('c', text));

use like QueuryString('param_name', url) and will return the value

m2-m3-m4-m5

answered 2 months ago Zon #47

The shortest way:

new URL(location.href).searchParams.get("my_key");

answered 4 weeks ago user3806549 #48

I have had the same problem over and over again. Now many users here now I'm famous for my HAX work,

so I solve it by using:

PHP:

echo "<p style="display:none" id=\"hidden-GET\">".$_GET['id']."</p>";

JS:

document.getElementById("hidden-GET").innerHTML;

Simple HAX but working.

answered 2 weeks ago dinigo #49

I prefer to use available resources rather than reinventing how to parse those params.

  1. Parse the URL as an object
  2. Extract the search params part
  3. Transform the searchParams from an Iterator to an Array with array expansion.
  4. Reduce the key-value array into an object.

const url = 'http://www.test.com/t.html?a=1&b=3&c=m2-m3-m4-m5';
const params = [... new URL(url).searchParams.entries()]
  .reduce((a, c) => Object.assign(a, {[c[0]]:c[1]}), {})

console.log(params);

comments powered by Disqus